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Parallel Lives? Ethnic Segregation in Schools and Neighbourhoods

Author

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  • Simon Burgess

    (Department of Economics, University of Bristol, 12 Priory Road, Bristol, BS8 ITN, UK, simon.burgess@bristol.ac.uk)

  • Deborah Wilson

    (CMPO, Department of Economics, University of Brisrtol 12 Priory Road, Bristol, BS8 ITN, UK, d.wilson@bristol.ac.uk)

  • Ruth Lupton

    (School of Educational Foundations and Policy Studies, Institute of Education, University of London, 59 Gordon Square, London, WCIHONT, UK, r.lupton@ioe.ac.uk)

Abstract

The paper provides evidence on the extent of ethnic segregation experienced by children across secondary schools and neighbourhoods (wards). Using 2001 Schools Census and Population Census data, indices of dissimilarity and isolation are employed to compare patterns of segregation across nine ethnic groups, and across Local Education Authorities in England. Looking at both schools and neighbourhoods, high levels of segregation are found for the different groups, along with considerable variation across England. Consistently higher segregation is found for south Asian pupils than for Black pupils. For most ethnic groups, children are more segregated at school than in their neighbourhood. The relative degree of segregation is analysed and it is shown that high population density is associated with high relative school segregation.

Suggested Citation

  • Simon Burgess & Deborah Wilson & Ruth Lupton, 2005. "Parallel Lives? Ethnic Segregation in Schools and Neighbourhoods," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 42(7), pages 1027-1056, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:42:y:2005:i:7:p:1027-1056
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Simon Burgess & Deborah Wilson, 2003. "Ethnic Segregation in England's Schools," The Centre for Market and Public Organisation 03/086, The Centre for Market and Public Organisation, University of Bristol, UK.
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    10. Simon Burgess & Brendon McConnell & Carol Propper & Deborah Wilson, 2004. "Sorting and Choice in English Secondary Schools," The Centre for Market and Public Organisation 04/111, The Centre for Market and Public Organisation, University of Bristol, UK.
    11. Steven G. Rivkin, 2000. "School Desegregation, Academic Attainment, and Earnings," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 35(2), pages 333-346.
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    Cited by:

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    3. Verena Dill & Uwe Jirjahn & Georgi Tsertsvadze, 2015. "Residential Segregation and Immigrants’ Satisfaction with the Neighborhood in Germany," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 96(2), pages 354-368, June.
    4. Leonardo Becchetti & Andrew E. Clark & Elena Giachin Ricco, 2011. "The value of diplomacy: Bilateral relations and immigrant well-being," Working Papers halshs-00580907, HAL.
    5. Jeroen Lavrijsen & Ides Nicaise, 2016. "Ascription, Achievement, and Perceived Equity of Educational Regimes: An Empirical Investigation," Social Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(4), pages 1-18, October.
    6. Willem Boterman & Sako Musterd & Carolina Pacchi & Costanzo Ranci, 2019. "School segregation in contemporary cities: Socio-spatial dynamics, institutional context and urban outcomes," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 56(15), pages 3055-3073, November.
    7. Panebianco, Fabrizio, 2014. "Socialization networks and the transmission of interethnic attitudes," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 150(C), pages 583-610.
    8. Deborah Wilson & Gary Bridge, 2019. "School choice and the city: Geographies of allocation and segregation," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 56(15), pages 3198-3215, November.
    9. Willem R Boterman, 2019. "The role of geography in school segregation in the free parental choice context of Dutch cities," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 56(15), pages 3074-3094, November.
    10. Gabriel Gutiérrez & John Jerrim & Rodrigo Torres, 2020. "School Segregation Across the World: Has Any Progress Been Made in Reducing the Separation of the Rich from the Poor?," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 18(2), pages 157-179, June.
    11. Isabel Ramos Lobato & Thomas Groos, 2019. "Choice as a duty? The abolition of primary school catchment areas in North Rhine-Westphalia/Germany and its impact on parent choice strategies," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 56(15), pages 3274-3291, November.
    12. Rebecca Cavicchia & Roberta Cucca, 2020. "Densification and School Segregation: The Case of Oslo," Urban Planning, Cogitatio Press, vol. 5(3), pages 217-229.
    13. Rikke Skovgaard Nielsen & Hans Thor Andersen, 2019. "Ethnic school segregation in Copenhagen: A step in the right direction?," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 56(15), pages 3234-3250, November.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J42 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Monopsony; Segmented Labor Markets

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