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Education, Income, and Support for Suicide Bombings: Evidence from Six Muslim Countries

Author

Listed:
  • M. Najeeb Shafiq

    (Indiana University, Bloomington, USA, mnshafiq@indiana.edu)

  • Abdulkader H. Sinno

    (Indiana University, Bloomington, USA)

Abstract

The authors examine the effect of educational attainment and income on support for suicide bombing among Muslim publics in six predominantly Muslim countries that have experienced suicide bombings: Indonesia, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Pakistan, and Turkey. The authors make two contributions. First, they present a conceptual model, which has been lacking in the literature. Second, they consider attitudes toward two different targets of suicide bombings: civilians within the respondent’s country and Western military and political personnel in Iraq. The authors find that the effect of educational attainment and income on support for suicide bombings varies across countries and targets.The findings therefore draw attention to the difficulties of making generalizations about Muslim countries and the importance of distinguishing between targets of suicide bombings.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Najeeb Shafiq & Abdulkader H. Sinno, 2010. "Education, Income, and Support for Suicide Bombings: Evidence from Six Muslim Countries," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 54(1), pages 146-178, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:jocore:v:54:y:2010:i:1:p:146-178
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Sarah Brockhoff & Tim Krieger & Daniel Meierrieks, 2012. "Great Expectations and Hard Times — The (Nontrivial) Impact of Education on Domestic Terrorism," Working Papers CIE 47, Paderborn University, CIE Center for International Economics.
    2. Shafiq, M. Najeeb, 2015. "Aspects of Moral Change in India, 1990–2006: Evidence from Public Attitudes toward Tax Evasion and Bribery," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 136-148.
    3. repec:spr:ecogov:v:18:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s10101-016-0189-x is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Kirill Zhirkov & Maykel Verkuyten & Jeroen Weesie, 2013. "World Politics and Support for Terrorism within Muslim Populations: Evidence from Muslim Countries and Western Europe," HSE Working papers WP BRP 08/SOC/2013, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    5. Ismail, Aisha & Amjad, Shehla, 2014. "Determinants of terrorism in Pakistan: An empirical investigation," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 320-331.
    6. Friedrich Schneider & Tilman Brück & Daniel Meierrieks, 2015. "The Economics Of Counterterrorism: A Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(1), pages 131-157, February.
    7. Nobuhiro Mizuno & Ryosuke Okazawa, 2017. "Within-group heterogeneity and civil war," Economics of Governance, Springer, vol. 18(2), pages 153-177, May.
    8. Tausch, Arno, 2016. "Occidentalism, terrorism, and the Shari’a state: new multivariate perspectives on Islamism based on international survey data," MPRA Paper 69498, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Malečková Jitka & Stanišić Dragana, 2013. "Does Higher Education Decrease Support for Terrorism?," Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 19(3), pages 343-358, December.
    10. Sarah Brockhoff & Tim Krieger & Daniel Meierrieks, 2010. "Ties That Do Not Bind (Directly): The Education-Terrorism Nexus Revisited," Working Papers CIE 26, Paderborn University, CIE Center for International Economics.

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