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Youth survival in the labour market: Employment scarring in three transition economies


  • Nikica Mojsoska-Blazevski
  • Marjan Petreski
  • Marjan I Bojadziev


The aim of this study is to examine whether the prevalent and fairly long unemployment spell of young Macedonians, Serbians and Montenegrins early in their career has negative effects on their subsequent labour-market performance: the so-called employment scarring. We first model unemployment spell as a function of individual and household characteristics and work attitudes and preferences using a discrete-time duration method. Then, we estimate the survival probabilities to examine the potential existence of employment scarring. The results provide some evidence for the potential presence of employment scarring in the three countries. The scars are largest in Serbia for all durations of the unemployment spell followed by Macedonia; they are weakest in Montenegro.

Suggested Citation

  • Nikica Mojsoska-Blazevski & Marjan Petreski & Marjan I Bojadziev, 2017. "Youth survival in the labour market: Employment scarring in three transition economies," The Economic and Labour Relations Review, , vol. 28(2), pages 312-331, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:ecolab:v:28:y:2017:i:2:p:312-331

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    Cited by:

    1. Ondřej Dvouletý & Martin Lukeš & Mihaela Vancea, 2020. "Individual-level and family background determinants of young adults’ unemployment in Europe," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 47(2), pages 389-409, May.

    More about this item


    Long-term unemployment; scarring; transition economies; youth unemployment;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search


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