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Modern Approaches to Measuring the State Sector: Methodology and Empirics
[Современные Подходы К Измерению Государственного Сектора: Методология И Эмпирика]


  • Abramov, Alexander E. (Абрамов, Александр Е.)

    (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)

  • Aksenov, Ivan V. (Аксенов, Иван В.)

    (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)

  • Radygin, Alexander D. (Радыгин, Александр Д.)

    (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)

  • Chernova, Maria I. (Чернова, Мария И.)

    () (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)


This article attempts to estimate the scale of state participation in the Russian economy in temporal dynamics and in comparison with other countries. Our unique methodology suggests a set of alternative approaches to measuring 3 independent components: stateowned enterprises (SOEs), state unitary enterprises and the public administration sector. Our results reveal growth of state involvement in the economy up to 46% of GDP in 2016. The share of SOEs and public administration in GDP rose from 20.2% and 16.9% in 2006 to 25.3% and 19.2% in 2016, respectively, by conservative estimates. A crosscountry comparison suggests that market capitalization, employment and SOEs’ share in GDP are significant and increasing. The share of public administration corresponds to the same estimate for OECD countries, but it is also increasing. The total state share and its growth can be evidence of an alarming trend for the Russian economy. It is 6%-12% higher than the estimate for most developing countries and, unlike in China or India, it keeps growing. This leads to state expansion in the economy, growth of state influence on SOEs and a transfer of noneconomic risks to SOEs. Apart from increasing state involvement in added value creation, the state plays an active role in reallocation of financial resources, and there is some evidence that it is even more significant than the state share in creating added value measured by GDP.

Suggested Citation

  • Abramov, Alexander E. (Абрамов, Александр Е.) & Aksenov, Ivan V. (Аксенов, Иван В.) & Radygin, Alexander D. (Радыгин, Александр Д.) & Chernova, Maria I. (Чернова, Мария И.), 2018. "Modern Approaches to Measuring the State Sector: Methodology and Empirics
    [Современные Подходы К Измерению Государственного Сектора: Методология И Эмпирика]
    ," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 1, pages 36-69, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:rnp:ecopol:ep1802

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bera, Anil K. & Sosa-Escudero, Walter & Yoon, Mann, 2001. "Tests for the error component model in the presence of local misspecification," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 101(1), pages 1-23, March.
    2. Cpb & Capp & Case & Cepii & Etla & Tifo & Ifs & Ihs, 2015. "Study on the effects and incidence of labour taxation. Final report," Taxation Papers 56, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
    3. Wittmann Nadine, 2013. "A microeconomic analysis of the socio-economic situation along the Kat River Water Basin: Comment," Agrekon, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 52(2), pages 128-135, June.
    4. Martin R. Holmer & Stavros A. Zenios, 1995. "The Productivity of Financial Intermediation and the Technology of Financial Product Management," Operations Research, INFORMS, vol. 43(6), pages 970-982, December.
    5. Johansson, Robert Charles, 1997. "Wage structure in the supermarket industry 1984-1993," Faculty and Alumni Theses and Dissertations 246441, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.
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    More about this item


    state ownership; state-owned enterprises; public administration sector; state share in GDP.;

    JEL classification:

    • B20 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought since 1925 - - - General
    • D20 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - General
    • D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • H82 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - Governmental Property
    • H83 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - Public Administration
    • K40 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - General
    • L30 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - General
    • P20 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - General


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