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Capital humain et croissance : le rôle du régime commercial

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  • Jean-Claude Berthélemy
  • Aristomène Varoudakis
  • Sébastien Dessus

Abstract

[fre] La littérature récente n'apporte aucune validation économétrique, sur données de panel, de l'hypothèse selon laquelle le capital humain contribue à la crois­sance. Nous confirmons ce résultat à l'aide d'un échantillon comprenant 83 pays et six périodes entre 1960 et 1990. Cependant, l'estimation sur ces mêmes don­nées de panel de modèles à termes interactifs puis à coefficients variables sug­gère que la contribution de l'éducation à la croissance dépend du taux d'ouverture commerciale. Ce résultat peut s'expliquer par une relation positive entre rémuné­ration du capital humain et ouverture extérieure. Les distorsions qui en résultent dans l'affectation du capital humain aux diverses activités économiques sont sus­ceptibles d'influer sur le taux de croissance. [eng] Recent literature finds no econometric support on panel data for the idea that human capital contributes to growth. We confirm this statement for a database of 83 countries and 6 time periods between 1960 and 1990. However, we find sup­portive evidence of a positive role of education in growth in connection with trade openness, using both panel estimations with interactive terms and varying-para-meter models. Our empirical findings can be explained by the changes in the returns to human capital induced by trade openness. The resulting distortions in the allocation of human capital over different types of economic activities may exert an influence on the rate of growth.

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  • Jean-Claude Berthélemy & Aristomène Varoudakis & Sébastien Dessus, 1997. "Capital humain et croissance : le rôle du régime commercial," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(3), pages 419-428.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1997_num_48_3_409883
    DOI: 10.3406/reco.1997.409883
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1997.409883
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    2. Djavad Salehi-Isfahani & Russell D. Murphy, 2006. "Labor market flexibility and investment in human capital," Working Papers e06-5, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Economics.
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    7. Younesse El Menyari, 2019. "Financial Development, Foreign Banks and Economic Growth in Africa," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 31(2), pages 190-201, June.
    8. Dubrocard, Anne & Prombo, Michel, 2012. "International comparison of Environmental performance," MPRA Paper 48072, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 05 Jul 2013.
    9. Babacar NDIAYE, 2018. "The Role of Investment in Human Capital: Evolution Between Microeconomic and Macroeconomic Approach," Applied Economics and Finance, Redfame publishing, vol. 5(2), pages 111-116, March.
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