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Les politiques françaises d'emploi en faveur des jeunes : une évaluation économétrique

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  • Michel Sollogoub
  • Thierry Pénard

Abstract

[fre] Cette étude s'attache à analyser les effets des politiques menées en faveur des jeunes sur leur durée moyenne d'emploi dans l'entreprise qui les accueille et sur leur trajectoire professionnelle à l'issue de cet emploi. Nous estimons des modèles de durée et de recherche d'emploi pour tester l'efficacité des mesures "jeunes" par rapport aux contrats d'emploi classiques. Les résultats économétri­ques montrent qu'à expérience et à formation égales, un jeune embauché au titre d'une mesure jeunes (hors TUC) a une probabilité plus élevée de rester durable­ment chez son employeur qu'un autre embauché avec un CDD. En revanche, un jeune qui est passé par une mesure jeunes et qui est à la recherche d'un nouvel emploi mettra plus de temps pour obtenir cet emploi que le même jeune ayant une expérience d'emploi non aidé. [eng] We analyze the effects of measures taken in favour of youth on the duration oftheir stay in the firm and on their professionnal trajectories at the end of their employment spell. We estimate models of job employment and of job search, in order to test the effective­ness of Youth training schemes relative to usual employment contracts. Econometric results show that, for given experience and level of qualification, the young people hired through these schemes have a higher probability to stay within the firm than those hired through a contract with determined duration. On the other hand, young people passed through this scheme and looking for a job will search for longer than those having expe­rienced a not subsidized job.

Suggested Citation

  • Michel Sollogoub & Thierry Pénard, 1995. "Les politiques françaises d'emploi en faveur des jeunes : une évaluation économétrique," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 46(3), pages 549-559.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1995_num_46_3_409661
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1995.409661
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sherwin Rosen, 1972. "Learning and Experience in the Labor Market," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 7(3), pages 326-342.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Philippe Saucier & Catherine Sofer, 1995. "L'accès des jeunes aux politiques d'insertion et à l'emploi : une analyse à partir des enquêtes du Cereq," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 46(3), pages 561-571.
    2. Michael White and Genevieve Knight, 2003. "Benchmarking the effectiveness of NDYP: A review of European and US literature on the microeconomic effects of labour market programmes for young people," PSI Research Discussion Series 10, Policy Studies Institute, UK.
    3. Patrick Werquin, 1997. "1986-1996 : dix ans d'intervention publique sur le marché du travail des jeunes," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 304(1), pages 121-136.
    4. Sabatier, Mareva, 2002. "Modes de recherche d’emploi et durée de chômage des jeunes : applications microéconométriques au Panel Téléphonique du CEREQ," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 78(1), pages 41-66, Mars.
    5. Mareva Sabatier, 2002. "Modes de Recherche d'Emploi et Durée de Chômage des Jeunes : Applications Econométriques au "Panel Téléphonique" du CEREQ," Post-Print hal-00825998, HAL.
    6. Michel Sollogoub & Valérie Ulrich, 1999. "Les jeunes en apprentissage ou en lycée professionnel," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 323(1), pages 31-52.
    7. Heckman, James J. & Lalonde, Robert J. & Smith, Jeffrey A., 1999. "The economics and econometrics of active labor market programs," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 31, pages 1865-2097 Elsevier.
    8. Brigitte Dormont & Sandrine Dufour-Kippelen, 2000. "Insertion professionnelle et autonomie résidentielle : le cas des jeunes peu diplômés," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 337(1), pages 97-120.

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