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Modes de recherche d’emploi et durée de chômage des jeunes : applications microéconométriques au Panel Téléphonique du CEREQ

  • Sabatier, Mareva

    (CERDI)

This paper aims at introducing the plurality of search methods in a job search model with endogenous intensity. Search methods are integrated through a function of information production, which influences both the offer rate and search costs. The equilibrium proprieties of the model lead to an indeterminate effect of the information produced by search methods use on the exit rate from unemployment. The microeconometric estimation of the structural model allows us to deal with this ambiguity. The method used takes into account the selection rule of search channels, their interdependence and the type of job found. Results highlight a different impact of the production of information on unemployment spells according to the type of job found. Besides, search methods have a discriminating effect on unemployment duration. L’objectif de cet article est d’intégrer dans un modèle de recherche d’emploi à intensité endogène la pluralité des modes de recherche observée dans plusieurs enquêtes. Ces modes sont introduits à travers une fonction de production d’information qui influence à la fois le taux d’arrivée des offres et les coûts de recherche. Les propriétés d’équilibre du modèle mettent en évidence une indétermination de l’effet de la quantité d’information produite par les modalités de recherche sur la durée des épisodes de chômage. L’estimation microéconométrique du modèle structurel permet de lever cette ambiguïté. La méthode adoptée tient compte non seulement de la règle de sélection des modes et de leur interdépendance mais aussi de la dualité des issues après le chômage (emplois traditionnels et emplois aidés). Les résultats des estimations concluent à un effet significativement différent de la fonction de production d’information sur la durée d’accès à l’emploi, selon la nature de ce dernier, et à des impacts discriminants des modes de recherche.

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Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 78 (2002)
Issue (Month): 1 (Mars)
Pages: 41-66

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:78:y:2002:i:1:p:41-66
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  1. Han, Aaron & Hausman, Jerry A, 1990. "Flexible Parametric Estimation of Duration and Competing Risk Models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 5(1), pages 1-28, January-M.
  2. Abbring, Jaap H & van den Berg, Gerard J, 2007. "The Unobserved Heterogeneity Distribution in Duration Analysis," CEPR Discussion Papers 6219, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Murphy, Kevin M & Topel, Robert H, 1985. "Estimation and Inference in Two-Step Econometric Models," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 3(4), pages 370-79, October.
  4. Narendranathan, Wiji & Nickell, Stephen, 1985. "Modelling the process of job search," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 29-49, April.
  5. Benhabib, Jess & Bull, Clive, 1983. "Job Search: The Choice of Intensity," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 91(5), pages 747-64, October.
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  7. Heckman, James J. & Lalonde, Robert J. & Smith, Jeffrey A., 1999. "The economics and econometrics of active labor market programs," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 31, pages 1865-2097 Elsevier.
  8. Jones, Stephen R G, 1989. "Job Research Methods, Intensity and Effects," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 51(3), pages 277-96, August.
  9. Belzil, Christian, 1996. "Relative Efficiencies and Comparative Advantages in Job Search," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 14(1), pages 154-73, January.
  10. Ahn, Namkee & Ugidos-Olazabal, Arantza, 1995. "Duration of Unemployment in Spain: Relative Effects of Unemployment Benefit and Family Characteristics," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 57(2), pages 249-64, May.
  11. Adnett, N J, 1987. "State Employment Agencies and Labour Market Efficiency," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(3), pages 183-96, September.
  12. William H. Greene, 1998. "Gender Economics Courses in Liberal Arts Colleges: Further Results," The Journal of Economic Education, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(4), pages 291-300, January.
  13. Devine, Theresa J. & Kiefer, Nicolas M., 1991. "Empirical Labor Economics: The Search Approach," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195059366, March.
  14. Bonnal, Liliane & Fougere, Denis & Serandon, Anne, 1997. "Evaluating the Impact of French Employment Policies on Individual Labour Market Histories," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(4), pages 683-713, October.
  15. John M. Barron & Wesley Mellow, 1979. "Search Effort in the Labor Market," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 14(3), pages 389-404.
  16. Christian Belzil, 1994. "Une analyse empirique de la relation entre la durée de chômage et le salaire offert," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 113(2), pages 171-175.
  17. Bull, Clive & Ornati, Oscar & Tedeschi, Piero, 1987. "Search, Hiring Strategies, and Labor Market Intermediaries," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 5(4), pages S1-17, October.
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