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The Nineties in Spain: so much Flexibility in the Labor Market?



This paper examines movements into and out of employment in the Spanish labor market throughout the nineties. We analize how differences in personal and economic circumstances influence such movements. In addition, we consider the importance of duration dependence in determining them. Our main findings are that: (i)Young workers, women and those with lower qualification levels are more likely to be affected by high labor turnover; (ii)The existence of unobserved heterogeneity has important consequences in the unemployment hazard rate; (iii)In the 90´s, employment hazard rates were substantially affected by the extensive use of fixed-term contracts, although the 1997 labor market reform seems to have reduced this hazard rate; (iv)The intervention of Temporary Help Agencies has a positive impact on the likelihood of leaving unemployment, although only for short-term unemployed individuals; at the same time, however, the employment hazard rate is substantially higher within these agencies.

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  • José Ignacio García Pérez & Fernando Múñoz Bullón, 2001. "The Nineties in Spain: so much Flexibility in the Labor Market?," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2001/01, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  • Handle: RePEc:cea:doctra:e2001_01

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    Cited by:

    1. John T. Addison & Christopher J. Surfield, 2008. "Atypical Work and Employment Continuity," Working Paper series 12_08, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis, revised Jan 2008.

    More about this item


    Employment and unemployment hazard rates; duration dependence; unobserved heterogeneity; Temporary Help Agencies.;

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion


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