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Disparités institutionnelles et flexibilité des marchés du travail dans l'UE

  • Stéphanie Guichard
  • Mathilde Maurel
  • Loïc Cadiou

[fre] La comparaison des institutions du marché du travail dans les pays de l’Union européenne fait ressortir une grande diversité de fonctionnement et de régulation. Celle-ci constitue une source potentielle de divergence entre pays européens. À ce titre, elle pourrait être un obstacle au bon fonctionnement de l’Union Économique et Monétaire et nécessiter une certaine harmonisation. Toutefois, cette disparité institutionnelle doit pour cela effectivement conduire à des différences dans la formation des salaires et de l’emploi. Or, l’analyse empirique de l’ajustement des salaires et de l’emploi au niveau macro-économique donne une vision a priori plus homogène des situations entre pays. En outre, les différences d’ajustement entre pays européens ne recoupent pas les disparités institutionnelles. En particulier, des marchés du travail aux fonctionnements très différents, comme par exemple ceux du Royaume-Uni et des Pays-Bas, sont caractérisés par des réponses similaires des salaires et de l’emploi à l’environnement économique.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

Volume (Year): 332 (2000)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 49-63

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_2000_num_332_1_7539
Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.2000.7539
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/estat

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  1. Michel Fouquin & Sébastien Jean & Aude Sztulman, 1998. "Le marché du travail britannique vu de France," Working Papers 1998-11, CEPII research center.
  2. David Coe & Dennis Snower, 1996. "Policy Complementarities: The Case for Fundamental Labor Market Reform," Archive Discussion Papers 9625, Birkbeck, Department of Economics, Mathematics & Statistics.
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  10. Soskice, David, 1990. "Wage Determination: The Changing Role of Institutions in Advanced Industrialized Countries," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(4), pages 36-61, Winter.
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  12. Loïc Cadiou & Stéphanie Guichard & Mathilde Maurel, 1999. "La diversité des marchés du travail en Europe : Quelles conséquences pour l'Union Monétaire," Working Papers 1999-11, CEPII research center.
  13. Werner Roeger & Jan in 't Veld, 1997. "QUEST II. A Multi-Country Business Cycle and Growth Model," European Economy - Economic Papers 123, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  14. Soskice, David & Iversen, Torben, 1998. "Multiple Wage-Bargaining Systems in the Single European Currency Area," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(3), pages 110-24, Autumn.
  15. Dimitri G. Demekas, 1994. "Labor Market Institutions and Flexibility in Italy; A Critical Evaluation and Some International Comparisons," IMF Working Papers 94/30, International Monetary Fund.
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