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Reformas laborales de mercado y desempleo: enseñanzas de la experiencia de los países de la OCDE

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  • Stefano Scarpetta

Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) El mercado laboral de la OCDE ha experimentado cambios importantes en las últimas dos décadas. El más evidente de esos cambios ha sido el aumento del número de personas en busca de empleo. En 1997 hubo más de 35 millones de personas desempleadas en la zona de la OCDE en total; alrededor de seis millones más que a mediados de los 80 y casi 25 millones más que a comienzos de los 70. Estas cifras ocultan profundas diferencias de un país a otro. En los principales países europeos, el desempleo ha aumentado considerablemente en las últimas dos décadas y en algunos de ellos, incluidos Italia, España y Francia, incrementos que en un principio fueron cíclicos han tendido a hacerse estructurales con el tiempo.

Suggested Citation

  • Stefano Scarpetta, 1998. "Reformas laborales de mercado y desempleo: enseñanzas de la experiencia de los países de la OCDE," Research Department Publications 4137, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4137
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