IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Estimating Potential Output, Output Gaps and Structural Budget Balances


  • Claude Giorno
  • Pete Richardson
  • Deborah Roseveare
  • Paul van den Noord


This paper reviews the methods used for estimating potential output in OECD countries and the use of the resulting output gaps for the calculation of structural budget balances. The "split time trend" method for estimating trend output that was previously used for calculating structural budget balances is compared with two alternative methods, smoothing real GDP using a Hodrick Prescott filter and estimating potential output using a production function approach. It is concluded that the production function approach for estimating potential output provides the best method for estimating output gaps and for calculating structural budget balances, with the results obtained by smoothing GDP providing a cross check. New tax and expenditure elasticities, along with the potential output gaps, are used to derive structural budget balances ... Estimation de la production potentielle, des écarts du production et les soldes budgétaires structurels Ce document passe en revue les différentes méthodes utilisées pour estimer la production potentielle dans les pays de l’OCDE et l’utilisation des écarts de production qui a dêcoulent pour le calcul des soldes budgétaires structurels. La méthode utilisant la segmentation de la tendance temporelle pour estimer la production potentielle et qui servait précédemment á calculer les soldes budgétaires structurels est comparée à deux autres méthodes : le lissage du PIB réel à l’aide d’un filtre Hodrick-Prescott et l’estimation de la production potentielle sur la base d’une fonction de production. Il en ressort que l’estimation de la production potentielle par l’approche fonction de production a s’avère être la meilleure méthode pour estimer les écarts de production et pour calculer les soldes budgétaires structurels, les résultats obtenus par lissage du PIB étant utilisés comme moyens de vérification. Pour estimer les soldes budgétaires structurels, on utilise de nouvelles élasticités des ...

Suggested Citation

  • Claude Giorno & Pete Richardson & Deborah Roseveare & Paul van den Noord, 1995. "Estimating Potential Output, Output Gaps and Structural Budget Balances," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 152, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:152-en
    DOI: 10.1787/533876774515

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:152-en. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.