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Le marché du travail britannique vu de France

  • Michel Fouquin
  • Sébastien Jean
  • Aude Sztulman

[fre] Les créations nettes d’emplois au Royaume-Uni ont été au cours des vingt dernières années supérieures à celles observées en France, notamment en raison du différentiel de croissance par tête. Le fonctionnement du marché du travail britannique s’avère cependant paradoxal. Les réformes radicales sont à l’origine d’une certaine capacité d’adaptation, en termes d’effectifs globaux et de salaires relatifs. Mais ce marché reste à maints égards «rigide», avec une inflation salariale toujours vivace et peu sensible au niveau de chômage, une domination persistante des formes traditionnelles d’emploi et une mobilité microéconomique des travailleurs somme toute relativement faible. Ces caractéristiques résulteraient notamment de la nature duale du marché du travail britannique: la pérennité d’un «coeur» du marché du travail marqué par une certaine stabilité dans l’emploi et des hausses de salaires relativement soutenues s’opposerait à une «périphérie» supportant l’essentiel des ajustements nécessaires. Une conséquence majeure et sans ambiguïté des réformes passées est l’augmentation de la pauvreté et des inégalités de revenus. Ce degré d’inégalité est seulement comparable au sein de l’OCDE à celui observé aux États-Unis.

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Article provided by CEPII research center in its journal La Lettre du CEPII.

Volume (Year): (1998)
Issue (Month): 167 ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:cii:cepill:1998-167
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  1. Cohen, Daniel & Lefranc, Arnaud & Saint-paul, 1997. "French unemployment : a transatlantique perspective," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 9705, CEPREMAP.
  2. Jenkins, Stephen P, 1996. "Recent Trends in the UK Income Distribution: What Happened and Why?," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(1), pages 29-46, Spring.
  3. Olivier Cortès & Sébastien Jean, 1996. "Les coûts salariaux en France, en Allemagne et aux États-Unis," La Lettre du CEPII, CEPII research center, issue 151.
  4. Peter Gottschalk & Timothy M. Smeeding, 1997. "Cross-National Comparisons of Earnings and Income Inequality," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(2), pages 633-687, June.
  5. Michel Fouquin & Sébastien Jean & Aude Sztulman, 1998. "Le marché du travail britannique vu de France," Working Papers 1998-11, CEPII research center.
  6. Burgess, Simon & Rees, Hedley, 1997. "A Disaggregate Analysis of the Evolution of Job Tenure in Britain, 1975-93," CEPR Discussion Papers 1711, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. repec:dau:papers:123456789/7056 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Machin, Stephen & Manning, Alan, 1996. "Employment and the Introduction of a Minimum Wage in Britain," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(436), pages 667-76, May.
  9. Daniel Cohen & Arnaud Lefranc & Gilles Saint-Paul, 1997. "French unemployment: a transatlantic perspective," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 12(25), pages 265-292, October.
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