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Unions, monopolistic competition and unemployment

  • Wapler, Rüdiger
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    This paper develops a general equilibrium dual labour market model which incorporates union bargaining with monopolistically competitive firms. It is shown that not only the degree of union bargaining power but also the market power firms possess on the product market have a positive influence on unemployment. The reason for this is that less intense product market competition increases the negotiated wage rates as well as the price mark-up firms charge over their marginal costs, both of which reduce labour demand. It is also shown that higher competition intensity will force firms to merge to larger units.

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    Paper provided by University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics in its series Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge with number 180.

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    Date of creation: 2000
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:zbw:tuedps:180
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    1. Jeremy I. Bulow & Lawrence H. Summers, 1985. "A Theory of Dual Labor Markets with Application to Industrial Policy, Discrimination and Keynesian Unemployment," NBER Working Papers 1666, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Orley Ashenfelter & James N. Brown, 1985. "Testing the Efficiency of Employment Contracts," Working Papers 573, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
    3. Christian ARNSPERGER & David DE LA CROIX, 1990. "Wage Bargaining with a Price-Making Firm Right-to-Manage and Efficient Bargaining," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 1990007, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    4. McDonald, Ian M & Solow, Robert M, 1981. "Wage Bargaining and Employment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(5), pages 896-908, December.
    5. Gerard J. van den Berg & Geert Ridder, 1998. "An Empirical Equilibrium Search Model of the Labor Market," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 66(5), pages 1183-1222, September.
    6. Mark A. Roberts & Karsten Stæhr & Torben Tranæs, 1997. "Two-Stage Bargaining with Coverage Extension in a Dual Labour Market," Discussion Papers 97-13, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
    7. Laing, Derek, 1993. "A Signalling Theory of Nominal Wage Inflexibility," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 103(421), pages 1493-1510, November.
    8. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1975. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 64, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
    9. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 2005. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199279173.
    10. Huw. D. Dixon & Claus T. Hansen & Henrik J. Kleven, . "Dual Labour Markets and Menu Costs: Explaining the Cyclicality of Productivity and Wage Differentials," Discussion Papers 99/1, Department of Economics, University of York.
    11. Amitava Dutt & Anindya Sen, 1997. "Union bargaining power, employment, and output in a model of monopolistic competition with wage bargaining," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 65(1), pages 1-17, February.
    12. repec:tpr:qjecon:v:100:y:1985:i:4:p:1115-41 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Nickell, Stephen, 1999. "Product markets and labour markets1," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 1-20, March.
    14. Nickell, S & Vainiomaki, J & Wadhwani, S, 1994. "Wages and Product Market Power," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 61(244), pages 457-73, November.
    15. McCormick, Barry, 1990. "A Theory of Signalling during Job Search, Employment Efficiency, and "Stigmatised" Jobs," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(2), pages 299-313, April.
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