Unions, efficiency wages, and unemployment
This paper develops a dynamic general equilibrium dual labour market model which incorporates both efficiency wages and union bargaining with monopolistically competitive firms. In one sector, a traditional sector produces a homogeneous good and firms face perfect competition on the product market. In the other sector, monopolistically competitive firms produce a horizontally differentiated good. In this sector, unions represent the interests of the workers and through bilateral bargaining with the employers, try to capture some of the rents which accrue here. Further, firms can increase their profits by paying the workers with the highest productivity an efficiency wage. Therefore, there is not only a wage differential between the two sectors, but also within the unionized sector. It is shown that not only the degree of union bargaining power but also the market power firms possess on the product market leads to an increase in unemployment.
|Date of creation:||2001|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Keplerstr. 17, 72074 Tübingen|
Web page: http://www.uni-tuebingen.de/en/faculties/wirtschafts-und-sozialwissenschaftliche-fakultaet/faecher/wirtschaftswissenschaft.html
More information through EDIRC
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Huw. D. Dixon & Claus T. Hansen & Henrik J. Kleven, "undated".
"Dual Labour Markets and Menu Costs: Explaining the Cyclicality of Productivity and Wage Differentials,"
99/1, Department of Economics, University of York.
- Huw David Dixon & Claus Thustrup Hansen & Henrik J. Kleven, "undated". "Dual Labour Markets and Menu Costs: Explaining the Cyclicality of Productivity and Wage Differentials," EPRU Working Paper Series 99-13, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
- Haisken-DeNew, John P. & Schmidt, Christoph M., 1999. "Industry Wage Differentials Revisited: A Longitudinal Comparison of Germany and USA (1984-1996)," IZA Discussion Papers 98, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Nickell, S & Vainiomaki, J & Wadhwani, S, 1994. "Wages and Product Market Power," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 61(244), pages 457-473, November.
- Barry McCormick, 1990. "A Theory of Signalling During Job Search, Employment Efficiency, and "Stigmatised" Jobs," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 57(2), pages 299-313.
- Laing, Derek, 1993. "A Signalling Theory of Nominal Wage Inflexibility," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 103(421), pages 1493-1510, November.
- Oliver Hart, 1982. "A Model of Imperfect Competition with Keynesian Features," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 97(1), pages 109-138.
- Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 2005. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199279173, April.
- Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 1991. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198284345, April.
- Nickell, Stephen, 1999. "Product markets and labour markets1," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 1-20, March.
- Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
- Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1975. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 64, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
- Ian M. McDonald & Robert M. Solow, 1985. "Wages and Employment in a Segmented Labor Market," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 100(4), pages 1115-1141.
- Bulow, Jeremy I & Summers, Lawrence H, 1986. "A Theory of Dual Labor Markets with Application to Industrial Policy,Discrimination, and Keynesian Unemployment," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 4(3), pages 376-414, July.
- Jeremy I. Bulow & Lawrence H. Summers, 1985. "A Theory of Dual Labor Markets with Application to Industrial Policy, Discrimination and Keynesian Unemployment," NBER Working Papers 1666, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Arnsperger, Christian & de la Croix, David, 1990. "Wage Bargaining with a Price-Setting Firm," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(4), pages 285-298, October.
- Christian ARNSPERGER & David DE LA CROIX, 1990. "Wage Bargaining with a Price-Making Firm Right-to-Manage and Efficient Bargaining," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 1990007, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
- Roberts, Mark A. & Staehr, Karsten & Tranaes, Torben, 2000. "Two-stage bargaining with coverage extension in a dual labour market," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 181-200, January.
- Mark A. Roberts & Karsten Stæhr & Torben Tranæs, "undated". "Two-Stage Bargaining with Coverage Extension in a Dual Labour Market," EPRU Working Paper Series 97-28, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
- Mark A. Roberts & Karsten Stæhr & Torben Tranæs, 1997. "Two-Stage Bargaining with Coverage Extension in a Dual Labour Market," Discussion Papers 97-13, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
- Amitava Dutt & Anindya Sen, 1997. "Union bargaining power, employment, and output in a model of monopolistic competition with wage bargaining," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 65(1), pages 1-17, February. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:tuedps:210. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (ZBW - German National Library of Economics)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.