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Sectoral networks and macroeconomic tail risks in an emerging economy

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  • Pedro P Romero
  • Ricardo López
  • Carlos Jiménez

Abstract

This paper aims to explain the macroeconomic volatility due to microeconomic shocks to one or several sectors, recognizing the non-symmetrical relation in the interaction among the Ecuadorian economic sectors. To grasp the economic structure of this emerging economy, a statistical analysis of network data is applied to the respective input-output matrix of Ecuador from 1975 until 2012. We find periods wherein the production of domestic inputs is concentrated in a few suppliers; for example, in 2010, the concentration significantly affects sectors and their downstream providers, thus influencing aggregate volatility. Compared to the US productive structure, this emerging economy presents fewer sectors and degree distributions with less extreme fat-tail behavior. In this simpler economy, we continue to find a link between microeconomic shocks and aggregate volatility. Two new theoretical propositions are introduced to formalize our results.

Suggested Citation

  • Pedro P Romero & Ricardo López & Carlos Jiménez, 2018. "Sectoral networks and macroeconomic tail risks in an emerging economy," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 13(1), pages 1-17, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:plo:pone00:0190076
    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190076
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