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Corporate Governance: Challenges For Latin America

  • FERNANDO LEFORT

    ()

    (Escuela de Administración, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile)

  • EDUARDO WALKER

    ()

    (Escuela de Administración, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile)

Corporate Governance relates to mechanisms through which providers of resources to the firm get their share of resources in return. Adequate governance practices help develop capital markets and assist market forces in attaining efficient contracts. Convincing evidence exists that well developed capital markets have an important impact on economic performance, growth and productivity. Our motivation for studying the corporate governance challenges faced by Latin America partly arises from a conviction that academic research on these issues can have a direct and substantial positive social impact. In addition, there is much to be learned from the international evidence. The background articles included in the first volume of the special issue cover several subjects including the importance of the law for stakeholder protection in Latin America; the relationship between the development of particular industries and corporate governance systems; international evidence regarding the role of institutional investors in corporate governance; and the influence of external shocks on the way governance systems develop. We conclude that legal reforms may be necessary; that there is no particular governance system that is necessarily the best for all countries and that these systems have to be analyzed in light of each country’s history and development. Also, institutional investors may play an important role in Latin American corporate governance, particularly ADR holders and pension funds. The second volume of the special issue includes five case studies: business groups, property and control structures in Chile, Brazil, Mexico and East Asia. Also, the role of pension funds in Chilean corporate governance is analyzed. We conclude that significant control and ownership concentration exists in all of the cases studied, beyond the minimum needed for control; that the role of banks differs substantially in the different cases; and that group structures are diverse, being notably simpler in Chile. Finally, in this particular article some of the recently proposed legal reforms in Chile are analyzed, especially those related with mandatory tender offer requirements.

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Article provided by Escuela de Administracion. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. in its journal ABANTE.

Volume (Year): 2 (2000)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 99-111

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Handle: RePEc:pch:abante:v:2:y:2000:i:2:p:99-111
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://eacc10.puc.cl/RePEc/pch/

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  1. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silane & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1996. "Law and Finance," NBER Working Papers 5661, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Wendy Carlin & Colin Mayer, 2000. "International Evidence On Corporate Governance: Lessons For Developing Countries," Abante, Escuela de Administracion. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 2(2), pages 133-160.
  3. Fernando Lefort & Eduardo Walker, 2000. "The Effects Of Economic And Political Shocks On Corporate Governance Systems In Chile," Abante, Escuela de Administracion. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 2(2), pages 183-206.
  4. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silane & Andrei Shleifer, 1998. "Corporate Ownership Around the World," NBER Working Papers 6625, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1995. "A Survey of Corporate Governance," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1741, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  6. Eduardo Walker & Fernando Lefort, 2002. "Pension Reform And Capital Markets: Are There Any (Hard) Links?," Abante, Escuela de Administracion. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 5(2), pages 77-149.
  7. Laura T. Starks, 2000. "Corporate Governance And Institutional Investors: Implications For Latin America," Abante, Escuela de Administracion. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 2(2), pages 161-181.
  8. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521781640 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Gonzalo Castañeda Ramos, 2000. "Governance Of Large Corporations In Mexico And Productivity Implications," Abante, Escuela de Administracion. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 3(1), pages 57-89.
  10. Stijn Claessens & Simeon Djankov & Leora Klapper1, 2000. "The Role And Functioning Of Business Groups In East Asia And Chile," Abante, Escuela de Administracion. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 3(1), pages 91 -107.
  11. Sílvia Mourthé Valadares & Ricardo Pereira Câmara Leal, 2000. "Ownership And Control Structure Of Brazilian Companies," Abante, Escuela de Administracion. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 3(1), pages 29-56.
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