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Ownership And Control Structure Of Brazilian Companies

  • SÍLVIA MOURTHÉ VALADARES

    (Associate Chief Economist, Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management, Brasilia.)

  • RICARDO PEREIRA CÂMARA LEAL

    (Dean, The COPPEAD Graduate School of Business, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro.)

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    This paper analyzes the structure of ownership and control of public Brazilian companies using data from 325 companies listed at the São Paulo Stock Exchange. We show a high degree of ownership concentration. The major shareholder has, on average, 41 percent of the equity capital, while the five major have 61 percent. Concentration occurs mainly with voting shares with 62 percent of the companies having one shareholder with more than 50 percent of the voting shares. Actually, the violation of the one share-one vote rule with the use of non-voting shares is very common. Only 11 percent of the companies do not have non voting shares and the companies have, on average, only 54 percent of their equity capital as voting capital. We also analyze the indirect ownership structure. Pyramiding structure is not commonly used as a way of violating the one share - one vote rule. Control is maintained through more than one tier. We also show the importance of different shareholder classes. Corporations are the main investor category in the direct ownership structure while individuals are more important when indirect control is accounted for.

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    File URL: http://eacc10.puc.cl/files/ABT/Contenidos/Vol-3-N1/2%20Valadares.pdf
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    Article provided by Escuela de Administracion. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. in its journal ABANTE.

    Volume (Year): 3 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 29-56

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    Handle: RePEc:pch:abante:v:3:y:2000:i:1:p:29-56
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    1. Armando Gomes, . "Going Public with Asymmetric Information, Agency Costs, and Dynamic Trading," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 4-99, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
    2. Leland, Hayne E & Pyle, David H, 1977. "Informational Asymmetries, Financial Structure, and Financial Intermediation," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 32(2), pages 371-87, May.
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    6. Bergstrom, Clas & Rydqvist, Kristian, 1990. "The determinants of corporate ownership : An empirical study on Swedish data," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(2-3), pages 237-253, August.
    7. Jensen, Michael C. & Meckling, William H., 1976. "Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 305-360, October.
    8. Bradley, Michael, 1980. "Interfirm Tender Offers and the Market for Corporate Control," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 53(4), pages 345-76, October.
    9. Armando Gomes, . "Going Public with Asymmetric Information, Agency Costs and Dynamic Trading," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 9-97, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
    10. Demsetz, Harold & Lehn, Kenneth, 1985. "The Structure of Corporate Ownership: Causes and Consequences," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(6), pages 1155-77, December.
    11. Franks, Julian & Mayer, Colin, 1998. "Bank control, takeovers and corporate governance in Germany," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(10-11), pages 1385-1403, October.
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