IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Sources of the Gender Wage Gap in a New Zealand Birth Cohort


  • David Fergusson

    () (University of Otago)

  • Sheree J. Gibb

    (University of Otago)


The gender wage gap is a well-established finding that has been observed in a range of different societies. This paper examined the sources and composition of the gender wage gap in a New Zealand birth cohort of 30 year-olds. Prior to adjustment for explanatory variables, male wages were 38.0 per cent higher than female wages. After adjustment for human capital endowments, job characteristics and family responsibilities, there remained an unexplained gender wage gap of 11.5 per cent. Decomposition of the gender wage gap revealed that 66.4 per cent of the total gender wage gap could be explained by gender differences in human capital, job characteristics and family factors. These results suggest that, even after accounting for gender differences in a wide range of explanatory variables, males continue to earn significantly higher wages than females.

Suggested Citation

  • David Fergusson & Sheree J. Gibb, 2009. "Sources of the Gender Wage Gap in a New Zealand Birth Cohort," Australian Journal of Labour Economics (AJLE), Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre (BCEC), Curtin Business School, vol. 12(3), pages 281-298.
  • Handle: RePEc:ozl:journl:v:12:y:2009:i:3:p:281-298

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Jessica Dye & StephaniƩ Rossouw & Gail Pacheco, 2012. "Well-being of women in New Zealand: The changing landscape," New Zealand Economic Papers, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(3), pages 273-302, December.

    More about this item


    Wage differentials; Economics of Gender; Human Capital; Skills; Occupational choice;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ozl:journl:v:12:y:2009:i:3:p:281-298. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Alan Duncan). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.