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Quality of government and social capital as drivers of regional diversification in Europe

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  • Nicola Cortinovis
  • Jing Xiao
  • Ron Boschma
  • Frank G van Oort

Abstract

Industrial diversification is crucial for economies to prosper. Recent studies have shown that regional economies tend to diversify into sectors that are related to those already present in the region. However, no study yet has investigated the impact of regional institutions. The objective of the article is to analyze how formal and informal institutions influence regional diversification. Studying 118 European regions in the period 2004–2012, we find evidence that institutions, and especially bridging social capital, matter for regions to diversify into new industries. Our results suggest that regional institutions relevant for diversification in regions are predominantly informal in character rather than formal, and bridging rather than bonding.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicola Cortinovis & Jing Xiao & Ron Boschma & Frank G van Oort, 2017. "Quality of government and social capital as drivers of regional diversification in Europe," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 17(6), pages 1179-1208.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:jecgeo:v:17:y:2017:i:6:p:1179-1208.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Regional diversification; social capital; quality of government; institutions;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology

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