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Private Sector Debt in CESEE EU Member States

Author

Listed:
  • Mathias Lahnsteiner

    () (Oesterreichische Nationalbank, Foreign Research Division)

Abstract

The crisis has recalled that private sector indebtedness may constitute a core macrofinancial vulnerability. In some countries of Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe (CESEE), risks stemming from indebtedness materialized in the form of markedly rising nonperforming loans during the crisis, following years of high credit growth. The inclusion of sector debt variables in the macroeconomic imbalances procedure – a new component in the toolbox of European economic governance – also shows the high relevance of this issue. We present systematic cross-country information about the indebtedness of the household and nonfinancial corporate sector in CESEE EU Member States and also compare this information with euro area figures. We scrutinize the fast buildup of debt prior to the financial crisis as well as the gradual adjustment that has taken place in some countries more recently. We focus on the developments of the debt stock in relation to disposable income and profitability, leverage ratios as well as the interest burden. In doing so, we are able to explore sectoral balance sheet vulnerabilities and put them into perspective.

Suggested Citation

  • Mathias Lahnsteiner, 2013. "Private Sector Debt in CESEE EU Member States," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 3, pages 30-47.
  • Handle: RePEc:onb:oenbfi:y:2013:i:3:b:2
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    File URL: https://www.oenb.at/dam/jcr:aadceab2-7495-4676-ab61-15a28d60cedf/feei_2013_q3_studies_lahnsteiner_tcm16-257384.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Stephen Cecchetti & Madhusudan Mohanty & Fabrizio Zampolli, 2011. "The real effects of debt," BIS Working Papers 352, Bank for International Settlements.
    2. Elisabeth Beckmann & Thomas Scheiber & Helmut Stix, 2011. "How the Crisis Affected Foreign Currency Borrowing in CESEE: Microeconomic Evidence and Policy Implications," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 1, pages 25-43,112-1.
    3. Gábor Szigel & Péter Fáykiss, 2012. "The effect of indebtedness on the financial and income position of Hungarian households," MNB Bulletin (discontinued), Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary), vol. 7(1), pages 27-42, February.
    4. Antje Hildebrandt & Reiner Martin & Katharina Steiner & Karin Wagner, 2012. "Residential Property Markets in CESEE EU Member States," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 1, pages 8-30.
    5. Guy Debelle, 2004. "Macroeconomic implications of rising household debt," BIS Working Papers 153, Bank for International Settlements.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    CESEE; private sector; households; NFCs; debt; indebtedness; debt overhang; deleveraging; interest burden; leverage ratios; crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises

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