IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Private Sector Debt in CESEE EU Member States


  • Mathias Lahnsteiner

    () (Oesterreichische Nationalbank, Foreign Research Division)


The crisis has recalled that private sector indebtedness may constitute a core macrofinancial vulnerability. In some countries of Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe (CESEE), risks stemming from indebtedness materialized in the form of markedly rising nonperforming loans during the crisis, following years of high credit growth. The inclusion of sector debt variables in the macroeconomic imbalances procedure – a new component in the toolbox of European economic governance – also shows the high relevance of this issue. We present systematic cross-country information about the indebtedness of the household and nonfinancial corporate sector in CESEE EU Member States and also compare this information with euro area figures. We scrutinize the fast buildup of debt prior to the financial crisis as well as the gradual adjustment that has taken place in some countries more recently. We focus on the developments of the debt stock in relation to disposable income and profitability, leverage ratios as well as the interest burden. In doing so, we are able to explore sectoral balance sheet vulnerabilities and put them into perspective.

Suggested Citation

  • Mathias Lahnsteiner, 2013. "Private Sector Debt in CESEE EU Member States," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 3, pages 30-47.
  • Handle: RePEc:onb:oenbfi:y:2013:i:3:b:2

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Stephen Cecchetti & Madhusudan Mohanty & Fabrizio Zampolli, 2011. "The real effects of debt," BIS Working Papers 352, Bank for International Settlements.
    2. Elisabeth Beckmann & Thomas Scheiber & Helmut Stix, 2011. "How the Crisis Affected Foreign Currency Borrowing in CESEE: Microeconomic Evidence and Policy Implications," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 1, pages 25-43,112-1.
    3. Gábor Szigel & Péter Fáykiss, 2012. "The effect of indebtedness on the financial and income position of Hungarian households," MNB Bulletin (discontinued), Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary), vol. 7(1), pages 27-42, February.
    4. Antje Hildebrandt & Reiner Martin & Katharina Steiner & Karin Wagner, 2012. "Residential Property Markets in CESEE EU Member States," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 1, pages 8-30.
    5. Guy Debelle, 2004. "Macroeconomic implications of rising household debt," BIS Working Papers 153, Bank for International Settlements.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    CESEE; private sector; households; NFCs; debt; indebtedness; debt overhang; deleveraging; interest burden; leverage ratios; crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:onb:oenbfi:y:2013:i:3:b:2. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Markus Eller). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.