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Is Poland at risk of the zero lower bound?

Author

Listed:
  • Michal Brzoza-Brzezina

    () (Narodowy Bank Polski
    Warsaw School of Economics)

  • Marcin Kolasa

    () (Narodowy Bank Polski
    Warsaw School of Economics)

  • Mateusz Szetela

    () (Warsaw School of Economics)

Abstract

In early 2015, the policy (open market operations) rate of Narodowy Bank Polski was reduced to an all--time low of 1.5%. At the same time, prices of consumer goods and services dropped by 1.5% in year-on-year terms. This raised concerns that Poland might become the next country to hit the zero lower bound (ZLB) constraint on nominal interest rates. The purpose of this paper is to examine the scale of this risk and its possible consequences. According to our results, the odds of the Polish economy hitting the ZLB remain low, despite having risen considerably in 2014−2015. At the same time, the consequences of such a scenario would be substantial as the ZLB would amplify the economy’s responses to adverse demand shocks and make their impact more persistent. The current level of the inflation target (2.5%) protects the Polish economy against the zero lower bound to a signifficant degree. However, its potential reduction would significantly increase the likelihood that this threat materializes.

Suggested Citation

  • Michal Brzoza-Brzezina & Marcin Kolasa & Mateusz Szetela, 2016. "Is Poland at risk of the zero lower bound?," Bank i Kredyt, Narodowy Bank Polski, vol. 47(3), pages 195-226.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbp:nbpbik:v:47:y:2016:i:3:p:195-226
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Mariusz Kapuściński, 2017. "Monetary policy and financial asset prices in Poland," Bank i Kredyt, Narodowy Bank Polski, vol. 48(3), pages 263-294.
    2. Przemysław Włodarczyk, 2018. "Rynek pracy w modelu nowej syntezy neoklasycznej ze sztywnościami płac nominalnych," Gospodarka Narodowa. The Polish Journal of Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, issue 4, pages 51-92.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    zero lower bound; Polish monetary policy; small open economy;

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E47 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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