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Lessons of the Wage Dynamics Network

  • G. de Walque

    (National Bank of Belgium, Research Department)

  • M. Druant

    (National Bank of Belgium, Research Department)

  • Ph. Du Caju

    (National Bank of Belgium, Research Department)

  • C. Fuss

    (National Bank of Belgium, Research Department)

The Wage Dynamics Network (WDN) is a temporary research network with the main objective of identifying the characteristics of wage dynamics and drawing conclusions from them in monetary policy terms. The paper presents the main findings of this research work. Notably, the intersectoral wage differential can be partly attributed to differences in profitability and the degree of competition to which the sectors are exposed. Nominal wages are adjusted less frequently than prices and adjustments generally tend to be made at regular intervals rather than in response to the economic climate. Wage rigidity not only affects existing workers, but also new recruits. The euro area, and Belgium in particular, is marked more by rigid real wages than nominal wages. Real wage rigidity implies a low optimal inflation rate and tends to complicate the conduct of monetary policy since it triggers greater fluctuations in output and employment and makes inflation more persistent. Furthermore, in a monetary union, countries with higher real wage rigidity suffer a loss of competitiveness in the event of negative productivity shocks. Institutions underlying wagesetting generally play an important role in the way in which firms and economies react to shocks. The heterogeneity of these institutions within the euro area therefore presents a real challenge for monetary policy.

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Article provided by National Bank of Belgium in its journal Economic Review.

Volume (Year): (2010)
Issue (Month): I (June)
Pages: 55-75

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Handle: RePEc:nbb:ecrart:y:2010:m:june:i:i:p:55-75
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  1. Du Caju, Philip & Gautier, Erwan & Momferatou, Daphne & Ward-Warmedinger, Melanie E., 2008. "Institutional Features of Wage Bargaining in 23 European Countries, the US and Japan," IZA Discussion Papers 3867, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Knell, Markus, 2013. "Nominal and real wage rigidities. In theory and in Europe," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 89-105.
  3. Catherine Fuss & Ladislav Wintr, 2009. "Rigid labour compensation and flexible employment ? Firm-level evidence with regard to productivity for Belgium," Working Paper Research 159, National Bank of Belgium.
  4. Du Caju, Philip & Kátay, Gábor & Lamo, Ana & Nicolitsas, Daphne & Poelhekke, Steven, 2010. "Inter-industry wage differentials in EU countries: what do cross-country time varying data add to the picture?," Working Paper Series 1182, European Central Bank.
  5. Babecky, Jan & Caju, Philip Du & Kosma, Theodora & Lawless, Martina & Messina, Julian & Room, Tairi, 2009. "Downward nominal and real wage rigidity : survey evidence from European firms," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5159, The World Bank.
  6. Frank Smets & Raf Wouters, 2007. "Shocks and Frictions in US Business Cycles : a Bayesian DSGE Approach," Working Paper Research 109, National Bank of Belgium.
  7. Du Caju, Philip & Fuss, Catherine & Wintr, Ladislav, 2007. "Downward wage rigidity for different workers and firms: an evaluation for Belgium using the IWFP procedure," Working Paper Series 0840, European Central Bank.
  8. Philip Du Caju & François Ryckx & Ilan Tojerow, 2009. "Inter-industry wage differentials : How much does rent sharing matter ?," Working Paper Research 180, National Bank of Belgium.
  9. Christoffel, Kai & Costain, James & de Walque, Gregory & Kuester, Keith & Linzert, Tobias & Millard, Stephen & Pierrard, Olivier, 2009. "Inflation dynamics with labour market matching: assessing alternative specifications," Working Paper Series 1053, European Central Bank.
  10. Druant, Martine & Fabiani, Silvia & Kezdi, Gabor & Lamo, Ana & Martins, Fernando & Sabbatini, Roberto, 2009. "How are firms’ wages and prices linked: survey evidence in Europe," Working Paper Series 1084, European Central Bank.
  11. Luigi Guiso & Luigi Pistaferri & Fabiano Schivardi, 2005. "Insurance within the Firm," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(5), pages 1054-1087, October.
  12. Julián Messina & Philip Du Caju & Cláudia Filipa Duarte & Niels Lynggård Hansen & Mario Izquierdo, 2010. "The incidence of nominal and real wage rigidity: an individual-based sectoral approach," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 1022, Banco de Espa�a.
  13. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
  14. Kamil Galuščắk & Mary Keeney & Daphne Nicolitsas & Frank Smets & Pawel Strzelecki & Matija Vodopivec, 2011. "The determination of wages of newly hired employees: survey evidence on internal versus external factors," Working Papers 129, Bank of Greece.
  15. Du Caju, Philip & Fuss, Catherine & Wintr, Ladislav, 2009. "Understanding sectoral differences in downward real wage rigidity: workforce composition, institutions, technology and competition," Working Paper Series 1006, European Central Bank.
  16. Anabela Carneiro & Paulo Guimaraes & Pedro Portugal, 2009. "Real Wages and the Business Cycle: Accounting for Worker and Firm Heterogeneity," CEF.UP Working Papers 0903, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  17. Philip Du Caju & François Rycx & Ilan Tojerow, 2011. "Wage Structure Effects of International Trade: Evidence from a Small Open Economy," Working Papers CEB 11-011, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  18. Gregory de Walque & Olivier Pierrard & Henri Sneessens & Raf Wouters, 2008. "Sequential bargaining in a new-Keynesian model with frictional unemployment and staggered wage negotiation," BCL working papers 33, Central Bank of Luxembourg.
  19. Frank Smets & Raf Wouters, 2002. "An estimated dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model of the euro area," Working Paper Research 35, National Bank of Belgium.
  20. Huw Dixon & Engin Kara, 2005. "How to Compare Taylor and Calvo Contracts: a comment on Michael Kiley," CDMA Working Paper Series 200504, Centre for Dynamic Macroeconomic Analysis.
  21. Stephan Fahr & Frank Smets, 2010. "Downward Wage Rigidities and Optimal Monetary Policy in a Monetary Union," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 112(4), pages 812-840, December.
  22. Fuss, Catherine, 2009. "What is the most flexible component of wage bill adjustment? Evidence from Belgium," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 320-329, June.
  23. repec:nbr:nberre:0126 is not listed on IDEAS
  24. Ana Rute Cardoso & Miguel Portela, 2009. "Micro Foundations for Wage Flexibility: Wage Insurance at the Firm Level," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 111(1), pages 29-50, 03.
  25. M. Druant & Ph. Du Caju & Ph. Delhez, 2008. "Results of the Bank’s survey of wage-setting in Belgian firms," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue III, pages 49-73, September.
  26. Taylor, John B, 1980. "Aggregate Dynamics and Staggered Contracts," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(1), pages 1-23, February.
  27. Emmanuel Dhyne & Benoit Mahy, 2009. "The use of fixed-term contracts and the labour adjustment in Belgium," Working Paper Research 169, National Bank of Belgium.
  28. Grégory de Walque & Juan Jimeno & Michael Krause & Hervé Le Bihan & Stephen Millard & Frank Smets, 2010. "Some Macroeconomic and Monetary Policy Implications of New Micro Evidence on Wage Dynamics," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 8(2-3), pages 506-513, 04-05.
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