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The Role of Education and Income in Poverty Alleviation: A Cross-Country Analysis


  • Pervez Zammurad Janjua

    () (International Institute of Islamic Economics, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.)

  • Usman Ahmad Kamal



The existing literature on education and poverty considers mostly primary data from an income point of view. However, the benefits of education vary from a direct income effect to positive externalities, which can help reduce poverty. This paper uses panel data for 40 developing countries for the period 1999 to 2007, and estimates coefficients by applying the random effect generalized least squares (GLS) technique. The study concludes, first, that income growth plays a moderately positive role in alleviating poverty, but that income distribution does not play a key role in poverty alleviation in the sample overall. Second, it concludes that education is the most significant contributor to poverty alleviation.

Suggested Citation

  • Pervez Zammurad Janjua & Usman Ahmad Kamal, 2011. "The Role of Education and Income in Poverty Alleviation: A Cross-Country Analysis," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 16(1), pages 143-172, Jan-Jun.
  • Handle: RePEc:lje:journl:v:16:y:2011:i:1:p:143-172

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:pje:journl:article27sumiv is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Saqlain Latif Satti & Muhammad Shahid Hassan & Fozia Hayat & Sudharshan Reddy Paramati, 2016. "Economic Growth and Inflow of Remittances: Do They Combat Poverty in an Emerging Economy?," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 127(3), pages 1119-1134, July.
    3. Ahmed Raza Cheema & Ahmed Raza Cheema, 2012. "Poverty, Income Inequality, and Growth in Pakistan: A Pooled Regression Analysis," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 17(2), pages 137-157, July-Dec.
    4. M. Akram, Mian & Afzal, Muhammad, 2014. "Dynamic Role of Zakat in Alleviating Poverty: A Case Study of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 56013, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. repec:eco:journ1:2017-02-29 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Taha Zaghdoudi & Abdelaziz Hakimi, 2017. "Does external debt- poverty relationship confirm the debtoverhang hypothesis for developing counties?," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 37(2), pages 653-665.

    More about this item


    Education; income; income distribution; poverty alleviation; GLS; Pakistan.;

    JEL classification:

    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty


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