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A fizetési mérleg hiánya és a hiány fenntarthatósága az Egyesült Államokban
[Perspectives on the US current account deficit and sustainability]

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  • Mann, Catherina L.

    ()

Abstract

Az Egyesült Államok fizetési mérlege nagy mértékű hiányt mutatott az utóbbi két évtizedben. Ez a folyamat jelentheti azt, hogy az ország a lehetőségein túl költ, de jelentheti azt is, hogy Amerika a „fellendülés oázisa”. Ez az esszé az amerikai fizetésimérleg- hiány fő okait elemzi, majd arra a kérdésre keresi a választ, hogy fenntarthatóe ez a deficit. Három dimenzióban mérlegel: 1. a nemzeti jövedelem- és a termékszámlákon alapuló hazai, 2. az áru- és szolgáltatásáramlásokon alapuló nemzetközi, valamint 3. a pénzügyi eszközök áramlásán és állományán alapuló nemzetközi síkon. Mindhárom megközelítés arra mutat rá, hogy ellentétben a világ sok országában mutatkozó fizetésimérleg-problémákkal, az amerikai helyzet több szempontból is megnyugtató az Egyesült Államok számára: a) az amerikai kötvények és részvények az egész világ kötvényeinek és részvényeinek hatalmas hányadát teszik ki, b) ezeket amerikai pénzben tartják számon, ami korlátozza a külföldi befektetők gyors kivonulási lehetőségét.* Journal of Economics Literature (JEL) kód: F21, F32, F34.

Suggested Citation

  • Mann, Catherina L., 2003. "A fizetési mérleg hiánya és a hiány fenntarthatósága az Egyesült Államokban
    [Perspectives on the US current account deficit and sustainability]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(10), pages 891-910.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:642
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Karen K. Lewis, 1999. "Trying to Explain Home Bias in Equities and Consumption," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(2), pages 571-608, June.
    2. Cedric Tille & Nicolas Stoffels & Olga Gorbachev, 2001. "To what extent does productivity drive the dollar?," Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 7(Aug).
    3. Philippa Dee & Kevin Hanslow, 2002. "Multilateral liberalisation of services trade," International Trade 0207002, EconWPA.
    4. J. Bradford Jensen & Nathan Musick, 1996. "Trade, Technology, and Plant Performance," Industrial Organization 9603004, EconWPA.
    5. Gould, David M, 1994. "Immigrant Links to the Home Country: Empirical Implications for U.S. Bilateral Trade Flows," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 76(2), pages 302-316, May.
    6. Catherine L. Mann, 1991. "Structural Change And Prospects For Sustained Improvement In U.S. External Balance," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 9(2), pages 50-58, April.
    7. Dornbusch, Rudiger, 1976. "Expectations and Exchange Rate Dynamics," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(6), pages 1161-1176, December.
    8. Heinemann, Friedrich & Jopp, Mathias, 2002. "The benefits of a working European Retail Market for financial services: Report to European Financial Services Round Table," ZEW Expertises, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research, number 110486.
    9. de Brouwer,Gordon, 2001. "Hedge Funds in Emerging Markets," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521802338, March.
    10. Houthakker, Hendrik S & Magee, Stephen P, 1969. "Income and Price Elasticities in World Trade," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 51(2), pages 111-125, May.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Simonovits, András, 2013. "Szubjektív gondolatok a közgazdaságtanról
      [Some subjective thoughts on economics]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(3), pages 352-358.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems

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