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A fizetési mérleg hiánya és a hiány fenntarthatósága az Egyesült Államokban
[Perspectives on the US current account deficit and sustainability]

  • Mann, Catherina L.

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    Az Egyesült Államok fizetési mérlege nagy mértékű hiányt mutatott az utóbbi két évtizedben. Ez a folyamat jelentheti azt, hogy az ország a lehetőségein túl költ, de jelentheti azt is, hogy Amerika a „fellendülés oázisa”. Ez az esszé az amerikai fizetésimérleg- hiány fő okait elemzi, majd arra a kérdésre keresi a választ, hogy fenntarthatóe ez a deficit. Három dimenzióban mérlegel: 1. a nemzeti jövedelem- és a termékszámlákon alapuló hazai, 2. az áru- és szolgáltatásáramlásokon alapuló nemzetközi, valamint 3. a pénzügyi eszközök áramlásán és állományán alapuló nemzetközi síkon. Mindhárom megközelítés arra mutat rá, hogy ellentétben a világ sok országában mutatkozó fizetésimérleg-problémákkal, az amerikai helyzet több szempontból is megnyugtató az Egyesült Államok számára: a) az amerikai kötvények és részvények az egész világ kötvényeinek és részvényeinek hatalmas hányadát teszik ki, b) ezeket amerikai pénzben tartják számon, ami korlátozza a külföldi befektetők gyors kivonulási lehetőségét.* Journal of Economics Literature (JEL) kód: F21, F32, F34.

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    Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

    Volume (Year): L (2003)
    Issue (Month): 10 ()
    Pages: 891-910

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    Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:642
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    1. Catherine L. Mann, 1991. "Structural Change And Prospects For Sustained Improvement In U.S. External Balance," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 9(2), pages 50-58, 04.
    2. Gould, David M, 1994. "Immigrant Links to the Home Country: Empirical Implications for U.S. Bilateral Trade Flows," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 76(2), pages 302-16, May.
    3. Houthakker, Hendrik S & Magee, Stephen P, 1969. "Income and Price Elasticities in World Trade," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 51(2), pages 111-25, May.
    4. Cedric Tille & Nicolas Stoffels & Olga Gorbachev, 2001. "To what extent does productivity drive the dollar?," Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 7(Aug).
    5. Karen K. Lewis, 1999. "Trying to Explain Home Bias in Equities and Consumption," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(2), pages 571-608, June.
    6. Dornbusch, Rudiger, 1976. "Expectations and Exchange Rate Dynamics," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(6), pages 1161-76, December.
    7. J. Bradford Jensen & Nathan Musick, 1996. "Trade, Technology, and Plant Performance," Industrial Organization 9603004, EconWPA.
    8. Philippa Dee & Kevin Hanslow, 2002. "Multilateral liberalisation of services trade," International Trade 0207002, EconWPA.
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