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Tech on the ROC: export threshold and technology adoption interacted

Author

Listed:
  • Stefano Costa

    (Istat - Italian National Institute of Statistics)

  • Federico Sallusti

    (Istat - Italian National Institute of Statistics)

  • Claudio Vicarelli

    (Istat - Italian National Institute of Statistics)

  • Davide Zurlo

    (Istat - Italian National Institute of Statistics)

Abstract

This paper aims at identifying the potential mismatch between the conditions required for a firm to become an exporter and the pattern of technology adoption within its industry. In particular, we obtain a new taxonomy of exporting and non-exporting firms by using a “technology line” and an “export threshold” (estimated using the Receiver Operating Characteristics – ROC methodology). The export threshold is the minimum combination of productivity and economic size that firms need to achieve in order to access international markets; the technology line is the technology which the export threshold firm would have if its combination of productivity and economic size was consistent with a higher-than-average technology within the industry. By this way, we are able to highlight the presence of “potential” exporters (firms that do not export even if they have the technological characteristics to do it) and “fragile” exporters (firms that do export despite their technology gap). This empirical approach allows to better qualify “empirical anomalies”, paving the way to a more precise targeting for industrial policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Stefano Costa & Federico Sallusti & Claudio Vicarelli & Davide Zurlo, 2022. "Tech on the ROC: export threshold and technology adoption interacted," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 59(4), pages 1593-1611, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:sbusec:v:59:y:2022:i:4:d:10.1007_s11187-021-00581-7
    DOI: 10.1007/s11187-021-00581-7
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    1. Costa, Stefano & Sallusti, Federico & Vicarelli, Claudio & Zurlo, Davide, 2022. "Firms’ solidity before an exogenous shock: Covid-19 pandemic in Italy," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 946-961.

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