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Provoking insurgency in a federal state: theory and application to India

Author

Listed:
  • Jean-Paul Azam

    () (Toulouse School of Economics (UT1-C, IAST, IDEI))

  • Kartika Bhatia

    (The World Bank)

Abstract

Abstract This paper presents a model of provocation in a federation, wherein the state government triggers an insurgency with a view toward acquiring control of some economic assets with the help of the central government. Some econometric support for this model is found using data on the Naxalite conflict in eight states of India. The tests performed control for endogeneity of the state government’s police force interventions. They suggest that the latter are meant to trigger the violent activity of the insurgents, so as to lure the central government into intervening and helping clear the ground for mining purposes in the lands of tribal people.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Paul Azam & Kartika Bhatia, 2017. "Provoking insurgency in a federal state: theory and application to India," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 170(3), pages 183-210, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:pubcho:v:170:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11127-016-0389-5
    DOI: 10.1007/s11127-016-0389-5
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Insurgency; Provocation; Federation; India;

    JEL classification:

    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
    • Q38 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy (includes OPEC Policy)

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