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The Role of the Exchange Rate as a Shock Absorber in a Small Open Economy

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  • Hilde Bjørnland

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Abstract

This paper analyses interactions between the real exchange rate and business cycles in a small open economy like Norway. Using a structural vector autoregression model, the role of different shocks are analysed, to investigate to what extent the real exchange rate is absorbing shocks, or a source of shocks itself. The results are ambiguous. Output and the real exchange rate are mainly explained by separate shocks, so that relinquishing exchange rate independence should come at little cost. However, the importance of nominal shocks in the business cycle emphasises that stabilisation is possible. Hence, remaining monetary independence may be attractive. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Suggested Citation

  • Hilde Bjørnland, 2004. "The Role of the Exchange Rate as a Shock Absorber in a Small Open Economy," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 15(1), pages 23-43, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:openec:v:15:y:2004:i:1:p:23-43
    DOI: 10.1023/B:OPEN.0000009423.30895.fe
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Kiptui, Moses, 2015. "Sources of Exchange Rate Fluctuations in Kenya: The Relative Importance of Real and Nominal Shocks," MPRA Paper 61515, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Rabah Arezki & Kirk Hamilton & Kazim Kazimov, 2011. "Resource Windfalls, Macroeconmic Stability and Growth: The Role of Political Institutions," CESifo Working Paper Series 3678, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Bjarni G. Einarsson & Gudjón Emilsson & Svava J. Haraldsdóttir & Thórarinn G. Pétursson & Rósa B. Sveinsdóttir, 2013. "On our own? The Icelandic business cycle in an international context," Economics wp63, Department of Economics, Central bank of Iceland.
    4. Korhonen, Iikka & Mehrotra, Aaron, 2009. "Real exchange rate, output and oil : case of four large energy producers," BOFIT Discussion Papers 6/2009, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    5. Jesús Rodríguez López & José L. Torres, "undated". "Following the yellow brick road? The Euro, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland," Working Papers on International Economics and Finance 06-03, FEDEA.
    6. Simeon Coleman & Juan Carlos Cuestas & Estefanía Mourelle, 2011. "Investigating the oil price-exchange rate nexus: Evidence from Africa," Working Papers 2011015, The University of Sheffield, Department of Economics, revised May 2011.
    7. Alexius, Annika & Post, Erik, 2006. "Cointegration and the stabilizing role of exchange rates," Working Paper Series 2006:8, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
    8. S Coleman & J C Cuestas & E Mourelle, 2016. "Investigating the oil price-exchange rate nexus: evidence from Africa 1970-2004," Economic Issues Journal Articles, Economic Issues, vol. 21(2), pages 53-79, September.
    9. Nurmakhanova Mira, 2016. "Oil and Growth Challenge in Kazakhstan," EERC Working Paper Series 16/06e, EERC Research Network, Russia and CIS.
    10. Doojav, Gan-Ochir, 2011. "The role of exchange rate in Mongolia: A shock absorber or a source of shocks?," MPRA Paper 72145, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Nov 2011.
    11. Annika Alexius & Erik Post, 2008. "Exchange rates and asymmetric shocks in small open economies," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 35(3), pages 527-541, November.
    12. Rabah Arezki & Klaus Deininger & Harris Selod, 2012. "What drives the global rush?," NCID Working Papers 02/2012, Navarra Center for International Development, University of Navarra.

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