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Academic inventors: collaboration and proximity with industry

Author

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  • Riccardo Crescenzi

    () (London School of Economics and Political Science)

  • Andrea Filippetti

    () (London School of Economics and Political Science
    National Research Council, Institute for the Study of Regionalism, Federalism and Self-Government
    University of London)

  • Simona Iammarino

    () (London School of Economics and Political Science)

Abstract

Abstract This paper addresses a number of fundamental research questions on university–industry (U–I) collaborations. Are U–I collaborations intrinsically different from other forms of collaboration, such as inter-firm or inter-university collaborations? Are they more difficult to form? Is their output qualitatively different? What factors facilitate their development? By looking at the collaborative behavior of all Italian inventors over the 1978–2007 period, the empirical analysis shows that U–I collaborations are less likely to happen when compared to collaborations involving exclusively university partners of business partners, and suggests that they tend to generate patents of more general applicability in subsequent inventions—measured by forward-citations. As emphasized by the literature, geographical proximity plays an important role in facilitating all forms of collaboration. At the same time, it works as a possible substitute for institutional proximity, facilitating U–I collaborations. However, the involvement of ‘star inventors’ on both sides of the collaboration can play an equally important role in ‘bridging’ universities and industry.

Suggested Citation

  • Riccardo Crescenzi & Andrea Filippetti & Simona Iammarino, 2017. "Academic inventors: collaboration and proximity with industry," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 42(4), pages 730-762, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jtecht:v:42:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s10961-016-9550-z
    DOI: 10.1007/s10961-016-9550-z
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    1. repec:eee:respol:v:47:y:2018:i:4:p:782-795 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:kap:jtecht:v:43:y:2018:i:6:d:10.1007_s10961-017-9583-y is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Andrea Filippetti & Maria Savona, 2017. "University–industry linkages and academic engagements: individual behaviours and firms’ barriers. Introduction to the special section," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 42(4), pages 719-729, August.
    4. Crescenzi, Riccardo & Gagliardi, Luisa, 2018. "The innovative performance of firms in heterogeneous environments: The interplay between external knowledge and internal absorptive capacities," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(4), pages 782-795.
    5. repec:kap:jtecht:v:44:y:2019:i:3:d:10.1007_s10961-017-9637-1 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    University–industry collaboration; Institutional and geographical proximity; Innovation; Regions;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General

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