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Technical Inefficiency Effects Among Paddy Farmers in the Villages of the ‘Office du Niger’, Mali, West Africa

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  • Martine Audibert

Abstract

A stochastic frontier production function incorporating a model for technical inefficiency effects (Battese and Coelli, 1995) is applied to field data on paddy farmers from 29 villages in the ‘Office du Niger’ in Mali. Four ‘conventional factors’ (land, labor, fertilizer and machinery) are considered as inputs of production. The technical inefficiency effects in the stochastic frontier were related to firm-specific variables, institutional factors, social organisation, ecological considerations and health factors. Data were obtained from an economic survey conducted during two consecutive agricultural seasons (1989 and 1990) on 844 farms of the Office du Niger. The null hypothesis of the absence of technical inefficiency effects was rejected. A supportive ‘institutional environment’ and a coherent organisation of land use were the best correlates of technically efficiency. The social environment was also found to contribute to technical efficiency of the paddy farmers: within the village, the greater the degree of ethnic cohesion, the greater the efficiency of the farmers. Health status of households had an effect in that ‘healthy’ families tended to be more technically efficient than ‘unhealthy’ ones. Farmers with more extensive sorghum cultivation were less efficient as paddy farmers. These results may help agricultural policy makers formulate strategies. Technical efficiency may be improved by intensifying agricultural training regarding one specific crop and, through the control of parasitic diseases which place a burden on family households. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Suggested Citation

  • Martine Audibert, 1997. "Technical Inefficiency Effects Among Paddy Farmers in the Villages of the ‘Office du Niger’, Mali, West Africa," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 8(4), pages 379-394, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jproda:v:8:y:1997:i:4:p:379-394
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1007767508848
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Boris Bravo-Ureta & Daniel Solís & Víctor Moreira López & José Maripani & Abdourahmane Thiam & Teodoro Rivas, 2007. "Technical efficiency in farming: a meta-regression analysis," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 57-72, February.
    2. Bempomaa, Beatrice & Acquah, Henry de-Graft, 2014. "Technical Efficiency Analysis of Maize Production: Evidence from Ghana," APSTRACT: Applied Studies in Agribusiness and Commerce, AGRIMBA, vol. 8(2-3).
    3. Watkins, K. Bradley & Hristovska, Tatjana & Mazzanti, Ralph & Wilson, Charles E. Jr & Schmidt, Lance, 2014. "Measurement of Technical, Allocative, Economic, and Scale Efficiency of Rice Production in Arkansas Using Data Envelopment Analysis," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 46(01), February.
    4. Ndoye Niane, Aifa Fatimata, 2009. "Household Resources Allocation, Gender, and Economic Performance: Empirical Evidence from Senegal, West Africa," 2009 Conference, August 16-22, 2009, Beijing, China 50902, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Degla, Pamphile, 0. "Technical Efficiency in Producing Cashew Nuts in Benin’s Savanna Zone, West Africa," Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, vol. 54.

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