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Assessment of Tourism Competitiveness by Analysing Destination Efficiency

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  • Maria Francesca Cracolici

    (Department of National Accounting and Analysis of Social Processes, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze Ed. 2, 90133 Palermo, Italy and Department of Spatial Economics, Free University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands)

  • Peter Nijkamp

    (Department of Spatial Economics, Free University, De Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands)

  • Piet Rietveld

Abstract

The notion and measurement of destination competitiveness have received increasing attention in the economics literature on tourism. The reason for this emerges from both the growing economic importance of the tourist sector and the increasing competition in the tourist market resulting from the transition from mass tourism to a new age of tourism that calls for a tailor-made approach to the specific attitudes and needs of tourists. The central subject of this paper – inspired by the conceptual competitiveness model developed by Crouch and Ritchie – concerns the efficiency of tourist site destinations. Using a data set of 103 Italian regions for 2001, an economic efficiency analysis is carried out, based on a production frontier approach. The study deploys a measure of tourist site competitiveness in terms of its technical efficiency using parametric and non-parametric methods, a stochastic production function and data envelopment analysis, respectively.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria Francesca Cracolici & Peter Nijkamp & Piet Rietveld, 2008. "Assessment of Tourism Competitiveness by Analysing Destination Efficiency," Tourism Economics, , vol. 14(2), pages 325-342, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:toueco:v:14:y:2008:i:2:p:325-342
    DOI: 10.5367/000000008784460427
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    Cited by:

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    5. FAUR Monica & BAN Olimpia, 2020. "Theoretical Framework About Tourism Destination Competitiveness," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1(1), pages 32-38, July.
    6. Franklin Cordova-Buiza & Edwin Gabriel-Campos & Lucía Castaño-Prieto & Lucía García-García, 2021. "The Gastronomic Experience: Motivation and Satisfaction of the Gastronomic Tourist—The Case of Puno City (Peru)," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(16), pages 1-17, August.
    7. Luis César Herrero-Prieto & Mafalda Gómez-Vega, 2017. "Cultural resources as a factor in cultural tourism attraction," Tourism Economics, , vol. 23(2), pages 260-280, March.
    8. Hongwei Liu & Henry Tsai, 2018. "Total factor productivity growth and regional competitive analysis of China’s star-rated hotels," Tourism Economics, , vol. 24(6), pages 625-644, September.
    9. Boris Radovanov & Branislav Dudic & Michal Gregus & Aleksandra Marcikic Horvat & Vincent Karovic, 2020. "Using a Two-Stage DEA Model to Measure Tourism Potentials of EU Countries and Western Balkan Countries: An Approach to Sustainable Development," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(12), pages 1-12, June.
    10. Tihana Škrinjarić, 2021. "Ranking Environmental Aspects of Sustainable Tourism: Case of Selected European Countries," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(10), pages 1-19, May.
    11. Bozana Zekan & Irem Önder & Ulrich Gunter, 2019. "Benchmarking of Airbnb listings: How competitive is the sharing economy sector of European cities?," Tourism Economics, , vol. 25(7), pages 1029-1046, November.
    12. Demirovic, D. & Kosic, K. & Stjepanovic, S., 2018. "Competitiveness in rural tourism between Serbia and Hungary," R-Economy, Ural Federal University, Graduate School of Economics and Management, vol. 4(2), pages 59-66.
    13. Barros, Carlos Pestana & Botti, Laurent & Peypoch, Nicolas & Robinot, Elisabeth & Solonandrasana, Bernardin & A., George Assaf, 2011. "Performance of French destinations: Tourism attraction perspectives," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 141-146.
    14. Irem Önder & Karl Wöber & Bozana Zekan, 2017. "Towards a sustainable urban tourism development in Europe," Tourism Economics, , vol. 23(2), pages 243-259, March.
    15. Manuel Rodríguez Díaz & Tomás F. Espino Rodríguez, 2016. "Determining the Sustainability Factors and Performance of a Tourism Destination from the Stakeholders’ Perspective," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(9), pages 1-17, September.
    16. Daniel Adrian Gârdan & Ionel Dumitru & Iuliana Petronela Gârdan & Carmen Adina Paștiu, 2020. "Touristic SME’s Competitiveness in the Light of Present Challenges—A Qualitative Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(21), pages 1-18, November.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    destination competitiveness; destination efficiency; economic efficiency analysis; stochastic production frontier; data envelopment analysis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism

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