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Power of Ultimate Controlling Owners: A Survey of Canadian Landscape

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  • Yoser Gadhoum

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Abstract

This study highlights the ownership structure of 1120 Canadian listed firms. The chains of ownership and control are traced back to the ultimate controlling owners, and related to some corporate features. Families are the most prevalent type of controlling shareholder. Pyramids, multiple classes of shares and cross-holdings are used to gain control, and hence, a significant separation of ownership and control is achieved. The study also provides some evidence that the role of the second ultimate owners, which is to weaken the channels that lead to expropriation, is not effective in Canada. The findings are compared to those of previous empirical ownership studies on the US, Western Europe and East Asia. Copyright Springer 2006

Suggested Citation

  • Yoser Gadhoum, 2006. "Power of Ultimate Controlling Owners: A Survey of Canadian Landscape," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 10(2), pages 179-204, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jmgtgv:v:10:y:2006:i:2:p:179-204
    DOI: 10.1007/s10997-006-0004-0
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Paul André & Walid Ben-Amar & Samir Saadi, 2014. "Family firms and high technology Mergers & Acquisitions," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 18(1), pages 129-158, February.
    2. Paligorova, Teodora & Xu, Zhaoxia, 2012. "Complex ownership and capital structure," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 701-716.
    3. Kryzanowski, Lawrence & Zhang, Ying, 2013. "Financial restatements and Sarbanes–Oxley: Impact on Canadian firm governance and management turnover," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 87-105.
    4. Marguerite Schneider & Lori Ryan, 2011. "A review of hedge funds and their investor activism: do they help or hurt other equity investors?," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 15(3), pages 349-374, August.
    5. Lin, Hsiao-Mei & Fok, Robert (Chi-Wing) & Yang, Shih-An & Chang, Yuanchen, 2016. "The wealth effects of oil-related name changes on stock prices: Evidence from the U.S. and Canadian stock markets," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 26-45.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    ownership structure; shareholder protection; voting rights; G32;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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