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“Small business enterprises and Latino entrepreneurship: An enclave or mainstream activity in South Texas?”


  • Michael J. Pisani

    () (Central Michigan University)

  • Joseph M. Guzman

    (Michigan State University)

  • Chad Richardson

    (University of Texas Rio Grande Valley)

  • Carlos Sepulveda

    (University of Texas Rio Grande Valley)

  • Lyonel Laulié

    (Wayne State University)


We surveyed 298 Latino small businesses in South Texas, a minority-majority region, in the summer of 2010. The survey focused on Latino entrepreneurship, and in this paper, we report findings associated with business start-up, immigration status of the entrepreneur, the sphere of business operations within formal or informal markets, the role of language in business operations, and the impact of the US-Mexico border in business success. We explore Latino entrepreneurship in the region as an enclave or mainstream activity developing a typology of business income chances associated with immigration documentation and business start-up rationale. Lastly, using multivariate analysis, we find gender, financial access, residence, and business language significant determinants in business orientation between necessity-driven and opportunity-driven Latino enterprises.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael J. Pisani & Joseph M. Guzman & Chad Richardson & Carlos Sepulveda & Lyonel Laulié, 2017. "“Small business enterprises and Latino entrepreneurship: An enclave or mainstream activity in South Texas?”," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 15(3), pages 295-323, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jinten:v:15:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s10843-017-0203-6
    DOI: 10.1007/s10843-017-0203-6

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Robert W. Fairlie & Javier Miranda, 2017. "Taking the Leap: The Determinants of Entrepreneurs Hiring Their First Employee," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(1), pages 3-34, February.
    2. Blanchflower, David G & Oswald, Andrew J, 1998. "What Makes an Entrepreneur?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(1), pages 26-60, January.
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    4. Michael J. Pisani, 2012. "Latino informal immigrant entrepreneurs in South Texas: Opportunities and challenges for unauthorized new venture creation and persistence," American Journal of Business, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 27(1), pages 27-39, April.
    5. Yang, Chulguen & Colarelli, Stephen M. & Han, Kyunghee & Page, Robert, 2011. "Start-up and hiring practices of immigrant entrepreneurs: An empirical study from an evolutionary psychological perspective," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 636-645.
    6. Pamela S. Tolbert & Robert J. David & Wesley D. Sine, 2011. "Studying Choice and Change: The Intersection of Institutional Theory and Entrepreneurship Research," Organization Science, INFORMS, vol. 22(5), pages 1332-1344, October.
    7. Magnus Lofstrom & Timothy Bates, 2009. "Latina entrepreneurship," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 33(4), pages 427-439, December.
    8. Nada Kobeissi, 2010. "Gender factors and female entrepreneurship: International evidence and policy implications," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 1-35, March.
    9. Jie Chen & Sami Saarenketo & Kaisu Puumalainen, 2016. "Internationalization and value orientation of entrepreneurial ventures—a Latin American perspective," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 32-51, March.
    10. Qingfang Wang, 2015. "Foreign-Born Status, Gender, and Hispanic Business Ownership Across U.S. Metropolitan Labor Markets," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 29(4), pages 328-340, November.
    11. Christophe Sohn, 2014. "The Border as a Resource in the Global Urban Space: A Contribution to the Cross-Border Metropolis Hypothesis," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(5), pages 1697-1711, September.
    12. Andreas Engelen & Florian Heinemann & Malte Brettel, 2009. "Cross-cultural entrepreneurship research: Current status and framework for future studies," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 163-189, September.
    13. Michael J. Pisani, 2013. "Cross-Border Consumption of Informal and Underground Goods: A Case Study of Alternative Consumerism in South Texas," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 94(1), pages 242-262, March.
    14. Ilhan-Nas, Tulay & Sahin, Kader & Cilingir, Zuhal, 2011. "International ethnic entrepreneurship: Antecedents, outcomes and environmental context," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 614-626.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pedro Orraca & Martin Ramirez-Urquidy & Natanael Ramirez, 2017. "Beyond The Local Market: Mexican Cross-Border Entrepreneurs In The United States," Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship (JDE), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 22(04), pages 1-23, December.


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