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Does promoting homeownership always damage labour market performances?

Author

Listed:
  • Julie Beugnot

    () (Univ. Bourgogne Franche-Comté)

  • Olivier Charlot

    () (Université de Cergy-Pontoise)

  • Guy Lacroix

    () (Université Laval
    HEC Montréal)

Abstract

In this paper we analyse the link between homeownership and various aggregate and individual labour market outcomes. Our aim is to investigate the likely consequences of public policies that promote homeownership. To this end, we develop a circular firm-worker matching model with Nash-bargained wage setting and free market entry. Homeowners are assumed to be less mobile than tenants and to bear higher mobility costs. Our numerical exercises show that tenants usually have lower unemployment rates and lower wage rates than homeowners. Importantly, workers’ performances do not necessarily improve following an increase in the proportion of homeowners. The latter crucially depends on the relative utility enjoyed by homeowners and tenants when unemployed. In the aggregate, nevertheless, we find that the unemployment rate generally increases following an increase in the proportion of homeowners. Yet, the link between the two can be reversed if the homeowners’ utility is lower than that of tenants when unemployed. Our model thus identifies a number of conditions under which Oswald’s conjecture is likely to hold or not. Thus, our results do not necessarily support the view that policies fostering homeownership are adequate public policies given their potentially negative effect on the labour market.

Suggested Citation

  • Julie Beugnot & Olivier Charlot & Guy Lacroix, 2019. "Does promoting homeownership always damage labour market performances?," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 127(2), pages 161-183, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jeczfn:v:127:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s00712-018-0637-x
    DOI: 10.1007/s00712-018-0637-x
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Thierry Kamionka & Guy Lacroix, 2018. "Homeownership, Labour Market Transitions and Earnings," Cahiers de recherche 1819, Centre de recherche sur les risques, les enjeux économiques, et les politiques publiques.
    2. Coda Moscarola, Flavia & Colombino, Ugo & Figari, Francesco & Locatelli, Marilena, 2020. "Shifting taxes away from labour enhances equity and fiscal efficiency," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 42(2), pages 367-384.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Stochastic job matching; Homeownership; Unemployment; Mobility;

    JEL classification:

    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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