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The Impact of Globalization on Inflation in Developing Countries

Author

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  • Sandeep Mazumder

    () (Wake Forest University)

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of globalization on inflation in developing and emerging economies. We estimate both traditional and open-economy versions of the Phillips curve for all developing economies by incorporating both domestic and foreign output gaps. We find mixed results: whether globalization has significantly affected domestic inflation in developing countries depends on the measure of inflation. Under GDP deflator inflation, there has been a significant change in the output-inflation tradeoff, but CPI inflation suggests otherwise. This highlights the importance of paying closer attention to the measure of inflation implemented, which is something that the current literature neglects to do.

Suggested Citation

  • Sandeep Mazumder, 2017. "The Impact of Globalization on Inflation in Developing Countries," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 42(3), pages 41-60, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:jed:journl:v:42:y:2017:i:3:p:41-60
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gali, Jordi & Gertler, Mark, 1999. "Inflation dynamics: A structural econometric analysis," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 195-222, October.
    2. Shahid Yusuf, 2003. "Globalisation and the Challenge for Developing Countries," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 12(Supplemen), pages 35-72, February.
    3. Badinger, Harald, 2009. "Globalization, the output-inflation tradeoff and inflation," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 53(8), pages 888-907, November.
    4. Eijffinger, S.C.W. & Qian, Z., 2010. "Globalization and the Output-Inflation Tradeoff : New Time Series Evidence," Discussion Paper 2010-27, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    5. Alessandro Calza, 2009. "Globalization, Domestic Inflation and Global Output Gaps: Evidence from the Euro Area," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(3), pages 301-320, December.
    6. Mazumder, Sandeep, 2010. "The new Keynesian Phillips curve and the cyclicality of marginal cost," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 747-765, September.
    7. Sbordone, Argia M., 2002. "Prices and unit labor costs: a new test of price stickiness," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 265-292, March.
    8. Galí, Jordi & Gertler, Mark, 1999. "Inflation Dynamics: A Structural Economic Analysis," CEPR Discussion Papers 2246, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    9. Guilloux, S. & Kharroubi, E., 2008. "Some Preliminary Evidence on the Globalization-Inflation Nexus," Working papers 195, Banque de France.
    10. Rudra, Nita, 2002. "Globalization and the Decline of the Welfare State in Less-Developed Countries," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 56(2), pages 411-445, April.
    11. Laurence M. Ball, 2006. "Has Globalization Changed Inflation?," NBER Working Papers 12687, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inflation; Phillips Curve; Developing Countries;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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