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Re-Examining The Finance-Growth Nexus: Structural Break, Threshold Cointegration And Causality Evidence From The Ecowas

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  • Loesse Jacques Esso

    (Ecole Nationale Superieure de Statistique et d Economie Appliquee)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to re-examine the cointegrating and causal relationship between financial development and economic growth in the ECOWAS. To this end, we use the Gregory and Hansen (1996a, 1996b) approach to cointegration with structural change and the procedure for non-causality test of Toda and Yamamoto (1995). Data are from the World Bank (2007) and cover the period 1960-2005. We show that there is a long-run relationship between financial development and economic growth in six countries, namely, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Cote d¡¯Ivoire, Ghana, Liberia and Sierra Leone. In addition, we show that financial development ¡®leads¡¯ economic growth in Ghana and Mali while growth causes finance in Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone, and a bidirectional causality in Cape Verde and Liberia. The policy implication is that Cape Verde, Ghana and Mali should give policy priority to financial reform while Burkina Faso, Cote d¡¯Ivoire and Sierra Leone should promote economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Loesse Jacques Esso, 2010. "Re-Examining The Finance-Growth Nexus: Structural Break, Threshold Cointegration And Causality Evidence From The Ecowas," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 35(3), pages 57-79, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:jed:journl:v:35:y:2010:i:3:p:57-79
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    3. Michael Adusei, 2013. "Financial Development and Economic Growth: Evidence from Ghana," The International Journal of Business and Finance Research, The Institute for Business and Finance Research, vol. 7(5), pages 61-76.
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    5. Helmi Hamdi & Rashid Sbia & Bedri Kamil Onur Tas, 2014. "Financial Deepening and Economic Growth in Gulf Cooperation Council Countries," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(3), pages 459-473, September.
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    7. Chimere O. Iheonu & Simplice A. Asongu & Kingsley O. Odo & Patrick K. Ojiem, 2020. "Financial sector development and Investment in selected countries of the Economic Community of West African States: empirical evidence using heterogeneous panel data method," Financial Innovation, Springer;Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, vol. 6(1), pages 1-15, December.
    8. Muhammad Shahbaz & Ijaz Ur Rehman & Ahmed Taneem Muzaffar, 2015. "Re-Visiting Financial Development and Economic Growth Nexus: The Role of Capitalization in Bangladesh," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 83(3), pages 452-471, September.
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    10. Pradhan, Rudra P. & Arvin, Mak B. & Bahmani, Sahar & Hall, John H. & Norman, Neville R., 2017. "Finance and growth: Evidence from the ARF countries," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 136-148.
    11. Jose Alberto Fuinhas & Antonio Cardoso Marques & Catia Lopes, 2019. "The Impact of Financial Development and Globalisation on Economic Growth: Evidence from a Macro Panel of Ten Countries," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 9(3), pages 366-388, March.
    12. Rudra P. Pradhan & Mak B. Arvin & John H. Hall & Sahar Bahmani, 2014. "Causal nexus between economic growth, banking sector development, stock market development, and other macroeconomic variables: The case of ASEAN countries," Review of Financial Economics, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 23(4), pages 155-173, November.
    13. Mariusz Prochniak & Katarzyna Wasiak, 2017. "The impact of the financial system on economic growth in the context of the global crisis: empirical evidence for the EU and OECD countries," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 44(2), pages 295-337, May.
    14. Chimere O. Iheonu & Simplice A. Asongu & Kingsley O. Odo & Patrick K. Ojiem, 2020. "Financial Sector Development and Investment in Selected ECOWAS Countries: Empirical Evidence using Heterogeneous Panel Data Method," Research Africa Network Working Papers 20/045, Research Africa Network (RAN).
    15. Kizito Uyi Ehigiamusoe & Hooi Hooi Lean, 2018. "Tripartite Analysis of Financial Development, Trade Openness and Economic Growth: Evidence from Ghana, Nigeria and South Africa," Contemporary Economics, University of Economics and Human Sciences in Warsaw., vol. 12(2), June.
    16. Muwanga Sebunya Gertrude, 2021. "Economic Growth and Financial Sector Development: Long-Run Structural Break Cointegration and Short-Run Equilibrium Relationships in the East African Community," International Journal of Applied Economics, Finance and Accounting, Online Academic Press, vol. 9(2), pages 48-62.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Threshold Cointegration; Financial Development; Granger Causality; Growth;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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