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Environment and Changing Agricultural Practices: Evidence from Orissa, India

Author

Listed:
  • Jyotirmayee Kar
  • Mahamaya Kar

    (New Stewart School, Cuttack, India
    Indus Institute of Higher Education (IIHE) karachi Pakistan,)

Abstract

In this paper attempt is made to examine vulnerability of farm households’ to adverse consequences of climate variables and extreme conditions like: food and cyclone. Three key components impeding food security with in the substance production structure are identified as (i) Inadequate food production by farm households. (ii). Distribution and marketing constrains and (iii) Low households’ income & procurement. Sampled data was used in the Cobb-Douglass function. This model and its results reveal that agriculture is largely dependent upon input prices, prices of livestock, and that of fertilizers. Highly significant response of farms’ income to precipitation reveals that investment in irrigation would improve farms’ income.

Suggested Citation

  • Jyotirmayee Kar & Mahamaya Kar, 2008. "Environment and Changing Agricultural Practices: Evidence from Orissa, India," Indus Journal of Management & Social Science (IJMSS), Department of Business Administration, vol. 2(2), pages 119-128, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:iih:journl:v:2:y:2008:i:2:p:119-128
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    File URL: http://indus.edu.pk/RePEc/iih/journl/4-EnvironmentandChangingAgriculturalPracticesEvidencefromOrissa.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jyotirmayee Kar, 2008. "Improving Economic Position of Women through Microfinance: Case of a Backward Area, Mayurbhanj-Orissa, India," Indus Journal of Management & Social Science (IJMSS), Department of Business Administration, vol. 2(1), pages 15-28, June.
    2. Allah Wasayo Rajar & Gobind M. Herani & Ali Akbar Dhakan, 2007. "Demographic, Social and Economic Changes in Tharparkar (1988-2006)- An Analysis," Indus Journal of Management & Social Science (IJMSS), Department of Business Administration, vol. 1(2), pages 107-128, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kumar, Ajay & Sharma, Pritee, 2013. "Impact of climate variation on agricultural productivity and food security in rural India," Economics Discussion Papers 2013-43, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Environment; Vulnerability of Households; Changing Climate; Agriculture Production and Income;

    JEL classification:

    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise

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