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Mapping South African farming sector vulnerability to climate change and variability: A subnational assessment

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  • Gbetibouo, Glwadys Aymone
  • Ringler, Claudia

Abstract

"This paper analyzes the vulnerability of South African farmers to climate change and variability by developing a vulnerability index and comparing vulnerability indicators across the nine provinces of the country. Nineteen environmental and socio-economic indicators are identified to reflect the three components of vulnerability: exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity. The results of the study show that the region's most vulnerable to climate change and variability also have a higher capacity to adapt to climate change. Furthermore, vulnerability to climate change and variability is intrinsically linked with social and economic development. The Western Cape and Gauteng provinces, which have high levels of infrastructure development, high literacy rates, and low shares of agriculture in total GDP, are relatively low on the vulnerability index. In contrast, the highly vulnerable regions of Limpopo, KwaZulu Natal and the Eastern Cape are characterized by densely populated rural areas, large numbers of small-scale farmers, high dependency on rainfed agriculture and high land degradation. These large differences in the extent of vulnerability among provinces suggest that policy makers should develop region-specific policies and address climate change at the local level." from authors' abstract

Suggested Citation

  • Gbetibouo, Glwadys Aymone & Ringler, Claudia, 2009. "Mapping South African farming sector vulnerability to climate change and variability: A subnational assessment," IFPRI discussion papers 885, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:ifprid:885
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Deressa, T. & Hassan, Rashid M. & Poonyth, Daneswar, 2005. "Measuring the impact of climate change on South African agriculture: The case of sugar-cane growing regions," Agrekon, Agricultural Economics Association of South Africa (AEASA), vol. 44(4), December.
    2. William D. Nordhaus, 2006. "The "Stern Review" on the Economics of Climate Change," NBER Working Papers 12741, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Erasmus, Barend & van Jaarsveld, Albert & van Zyl, Johan & Vink, Nick, 2000. "The effects of climate change on the farm sector in the Western Cape," Agrekon, Agricultural Economics Association of South Africa (AEASA), vol. 39(4), December.
    4. W. Adger & P. Kelly, 1999. "Social Vulnerability to Climate Change and the Architecture of Entitlements," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 4(3), pages 253-266, September.
    5. Filmer, Deon*Pritchett, Lant, 1998. "Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data - or tears : with an application to educational enrollments in states of India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1994, The World Bank.
    6. Patnaik, Unmesh & Narayanan, K., 2009. "Vulnerability and Climate Change: An Analysis of the Eastern Coastal Districts of India," MPRA Paper 22062, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    8. Moser, Caroline O. N., 1998. "The asset vulnerability framework: Reassessing urban poverty reduction strategies," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 1-19, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Luni Piya & Niraj Prakash Joshi & Keshav Lall Maharjan, 2016. "Vulnerability of Chepang households to climate change and extremes in the Mid-Hills of Nepal," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 135(3), pages 521-537, April.
    2. repec:wsi:jeapmx:v:15:y:2013:i:03:n:s1464333213500105 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Sunday Y. Hosu & E.N. Cishe & P.N. Luswazi, 2016. "Vulnerability to Climate Change in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa: What Does the Future Holds for Smallholder Crop Farmers?," Agrekon, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 55(1-2), pages 133-167, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Climate change; Agriculture; Vulnerability; Adaptive capacity; Exposure; Sensitivity; Climate variability;

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