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Enhancing Substainability: Psychological Capital, Perceived Employability, and Job Insecurity in Different Work Contract Conditions

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  • Rita Chiesa

    (Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, V.le Europa, 109, 47521 Cesena, Italy)

  • Luca Fazi

    (Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, V.le Europa, 109, 47521 Cesena, Italy)

  • Dina Guglielmi

    (Department of Education Studies, University of Bologna, Via Filippo Re, 6, 40126 Bologna, Italy)

  • Marco Giovanni Mariani

    (Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, V.le Berti Pichat, 5, 40126 Bologna, Italy)

Abstract

According to the psychology of sustainability and sustainable development, even though there are numerous challenges within the current labor market, it is possible to establish meaningful lives and meaningful work experiences through optimizing the use of personal resources and regenerating them. In line with this assumption, the present study aims to test the moderation effect of the type of worker contracts on the relationship between psychological capital, perceived employability, and job insecurity. Participants were N = 190 Italian young workers (self-employed, permanent employees, or temporary employees). Results showed that perceived employability mediated the relationship between psychological capital and job insecurity, and that this relationship was moderated by the workers’ type of contract. Specifically, a higher level of psychological capital corresponded to a higher perception of employability, and consequently a lower job insecurity for temporary and self-employed workers, but not for permanent ones. These findings are in line with the assumptions of the psychology of sustainability, and encourage preventive interventions aimed to foster personal resources in order to reduce job insecurity, especially in cases of non-standard employment.

Suggested Citation

  • Rita Chiesa & Luca Fazi & Dina Guglielmi & Marco Giovanni Mariani, 2018. "Enhancing Substainability: Psychological Capital, Perceived Employability, and Job Insecurity in Different Work Contract Conditions," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 10(7), pages 1-10, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:7:p:2475-:d:158106
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Ki-Seoung Lee & Yoon-Seo Kim & Hyoung-Chul Shin, 2022. "The Effect of Personal Environment Suitability and Work Environment of Luxury Hotels on Psychological Capital and Innovation Behavior," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(12), pages 1-16, June.
    6. Basheer M. Al-Ghazali & M. Sadiq Sohail & Ibrahim Ali M. Jumaan, 2021. "CSR Perceptions and Career Satisfaction: The Role of Psychological Capital and Moral Identity," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(12), pages 1-22, June.
    7. Rosy Musumeci & Chiara Ghislieri, 2020. "Some Voices from Italian Youth on Well-Being: How to Cope with Job Insecurity?," Social Sciences, MDPI, vol. 9(4), pages 1-19, April.
    8. Jung Eon Kwon, 2019. "Work Volition and Career Adaptability as Predictors of Employability: Examining a Moderated Mediating Process," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(24), pages 1-16, December.
    9. Annamaria Di Fabio & Mirko Duradoni, 2020. "Humor Styles as New Resources in a Primary Preventive Perspective: Reducing Resistance to Change for Negotiation," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 17(7), pages 1-15, April.
    10. Laritza Machín-Rincón & Eva Cifre & Pilar Domínguez-Castillo & Mónica Segovia-Pérez, 2020. "I Am a Leader, I Am a Mother, I Can Do This! The Moderated Mediation of Psychological Capital, Work–Family Conflict, and Having Children on Well-Being of Women Leaders," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(5), pages 1-22, March.
    11. Nazanin Naderiadib Alpler & Huseyin Arasli, 2020. "Can Hindrance Stressors Change the Nature of Perceived Employability? An Empirical Study in the Hotel Industry," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(24), pages 1-13, December.
    12. Francisco Rodríguez-Cifuentes & Jesús Farfán & Gabriela Topa, 2018. "Older Worker Identity and Job Performance: The Moderator Role of Subjective Age and Self-Efficacy," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 15(12), pages 1-13, December.
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    14. Basheer M. Al-Ghazali & M. Sadiq Sohail, 2021. "The Impact of Employees’ Perceptions of CSR on Career Satisfaction: Evidence from Saudi Arabia," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(9), pages 1-26, May.

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