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Medium-Term Probabilistic Forecasting of Extremely Low Prices in Electricity Markets: Application to the Spanish Case

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  • Antonio Bello

    (Institute for Research in Technology, Technical School of Engineering (ICAI), Universidad Pontificia Comillas, Madrid 28015, Spain)

  • Javier Reneses

    (Institute for Research in Technology, Technical School of Engineering (ICAI), Universidad Pontificia Comillas, Madrid 28015, Spain)

  • Antonio Muñoz

    (Institute for Research in Technology, Technical School of Engineering (ICAI), Universidad Pontificia Comillas, Madrid 28015, Spain)

Abstract

One of the most relevant challenges that have arisen in electricity markets during the last few years is the emergence of extremely low prices. Trying to predict these events is crucial for market agents in a competitive environment. This paper proposes a novel methodology to simultaneously accomplish punctual and probabilistic hourly predictions about the appearance of extremely low electricity prices in a medium-term scope. The proposed approach for making real ex ante forecasts consists of a nested compounding of different forecasting techniques, which incorporate Monte Carlo simulation, combined with spatial interpolation techniques. The procedure is based on the statistical identification of the process key drivers. Logistic regression for rare events, decision trees, multilayer perceptrons and a hybrid approach, which combines a market equilibrium model with logistic regression, are used. Moreover, this paper assesses whether periodic models in which parameters switch according to the day of the week can be even more accurate. The proposed techniques are compared to a Markov regime switching model and several naive methods. The proposed methodology empirically demonstrates its effectiveness by achieving promising results on a real case study based on the Spanish electricity market. This approach can provide valuable information for market agents when they face decision making and risk-management processes. Our findings support the additional benefit of using a hybrid approach for deriving more accurate predictions.

Suggested Citation

  • Antonio Bello & Javier Reneses & Antonio Muñoz, 2016. "Medium-Term Probabilistic Forecasting of Extremely Low Prices in Electricity Markets: Application to the Spanish Case," Energies, MDPI, vol. 9(3), pages 1-27, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:9:y:2016:i:3:p:193-:d:65782
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Alonso Fernández, Andrés Modesto & Bastos, Guadalupe & García-Martos, Carolina, 2017. "Electricity prices forecasting by averaging dynamic factor models," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS 24028, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    3. Stephen Haben & Julien Caudron & Jake Verma, 2021. "Probabilistic Day-Ahead Wholesale Price Forecast: A Case Study in Great Britain," Forecasting, MDPI, vol. 3(3), pages 1-37, August.
    4. Andrés M. Alonso & Guadalupe Bastos & Carolina García-Martos, 2016. "Electricity Price Forecasting by Averaging Dynamic Factor Models," Energies, MDPI, vol. 9(8), pages 1-21, July.
    5. Rodrigo A. de Marcos & Antonio Bello & Javier Reneses, 2019. "Short-Term Electricity Price Forecasting with a Composite Fundamental-Econometric Hybrid Methodology," Energies, MDPI, vol. 12(6), pages 1-15, March.
    6. Mazaher Haji Bashi & Gholamreza Yousefi & Claus Leth Bak & Jayakrishnan Radhakrishna Pillai, 2016. "Long Term Expected Revenue of Wind Farms Considering the Bidding Admission Uncertainty," Energies, MDPI, vol. 9(11), pages 1-17, November.
    7. Miguel A. Jaramillo-Morán & Agustín García-García, 2019. "Applying Artificial Neural Networks to Forecast European Union Allowance Prices: The Effect of Information from Pollutant-Related Sectors," Energies, MDPI, vol. 12(23), pages 1-18, November.
    8. Simon Pezzutto & Gianluca Grilli & Stefano Zambotti & Stefan Dunjic, 2018. "Forecasting Electricity Market Price for End Users in EU28 until 2020—Main Factors of Influence," Energies, MDPI, vol. 11(6), pages 1-18, June.
    9. Chuntian Cheng & Bin Luo & Shumin Miao & Xinyu Wu, 2016. "Mid-Term Electricity Market Clearing Price Forecasting with Sparse Data: A Case in Newly-Reformed Yunnan Electricity Market," Energies, MDPI, vol. 9(10), pages 1-22, October.
    10. Ziel, Florian & Steinert, Rick, 2018. "Probabilistic mid- and long-term electricity price forecasting," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 251-266.
    11. Liu, Luyao & Bai, Feifei & Su, Chenyu & Ma, Cuiping & Yan, Ruifeng & Li, Hailong & Sun, Qie & Wennersten, Ronald, 2022. "Forecasting the occurrence of extreme electricity prices using a multivariate logistic regression model," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 247(C).
    12. Štefan Bojnec & Alan Križaj, 2021. "Electricity Markets during the Liberalization: The Case of a European Union Country," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(14), pages 1-21, July.
    13. José R. Andrade & Jorge Filipe & Marisa Reis & Ricardo J. Bessa, 2017. "Probabilistic Price Forecasting for Day-Ahead and Intraday Markets: Beyond the Statistical Model," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 9(11), pages 1-29, October.
    14. Javier Contreras, 2017. "Forecasting Models of Electricity Prices," Energies, MDPI, vol. 10(2), pages 1-2, January.
    15. Antonio Bello & Derek Bunn & Javier Reneses & Antonio Muñoz, 2016. "Parametric Density Recalibration of a Fundamental Market Model to Forecast Electricity Prices," Energies, MDPI, vol. 9(11), pages 1-15, November.
    16. Rodrigo A. de Marcos & Derek W. Bunn & Antonio Bello & Javier Reneses, 2020. "Short-Term Electricity Price Forecasting with Recurrent Regimes and Structural Breaks," Energies, MDPI, vol. 13(20), pages 1-14, October.
    17. Claudio Monteiro & Ignacio J. Ramirez-Rosado & L. Alfredo Fernandez-Jimenez & Pedro Conde, 2016. "Short-Term Price Forecasting Models Based on Artificial Neural Networks for Intraday Sessions in the Iberian Electricity Market," Energies, MDPI, vol. 9(9), pages 1-24, September.

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