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Measuring the Time-Frequency Dynamics of Return and Volatility Connectedness in Global Crude Oil Markets

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  • Yuki Toyoshima

    () (Shinsei Bank, Limited, Tokyo 103-8303, Japan)

  • Shigeyuki Hamori

    () (Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501, Japan)

Abstract

This study analyzes return and volatility spillovers across global crude oil markets for 1 January 1991 to 27 April 2018, using an empirical technique from the time and frequency domains, and makes four key contributions. First, the spillover tables reveal that the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) futures market, which is a common indicator of crude oil indices, contributes the least to both return and volatility spillovers. Second, the results also show that the long-term factor contributes the most to returns spillover, while the short-term factor contributes the most in terms of volatility. Third, the rolling analyses show that the time-variate connectedness in terms of returns tends to be strong, but there was no noticeable change from 1991 to April 2018 in terms of volatility. Finally, the major events between 1991 and April 2018, namely the Asian currency crisis (1997–1998) and the global financial crisis (2007–2008), caused a rise in the total connectedness of returns and volatility.

Suggested Citation

  • Yuki Toyoshima & Shigeyuki Hamori, 2018. "Measuring the Time-Frequency Dynamics of Return and Volatility Connectedness in Global Crude Oil Markets," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(11), pages 1-18, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:11:y:2018:i:11:p:2893-:d:178030
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    crude oil markets; time-frequency dynamics; connectedness measure;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q49 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Other

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