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More Stories of Unconventional Monetary Policy

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Abstract

This article extends the work of Fawley and Neely (2013) to describe how major central banks have evolved unconventional monetary policies to encourage real activity and maintain stable inflation rates from 2013 through 2019. By 2013, central banks were moving from lump-sum asset purchase programs to open-ended asset purchase programs, which are conditioned on economic conditions, careful communication strategies, bank lending programs with incentives, and negative interest rates. This article reviews how central banks tailored their unconventional monetary methods to their various challenges and the structures of their respective economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Evan Karson & Christopher J. Neely, 2021. "More Stories of Unconventional Monetary Policy," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, vol. 103(2), pages 207-270, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedlrv:91430
    DOI: 10.20955/r.103.207-70
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Richard G. Anderson & Yang Liu, 2013. "How low can you go? negative interest rates and investors’ flight to safety," The Regional Economist, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Jan.
    2. Gauti Eggertsson & Bulat Gafarov & Saroj Bhatarai, 2014. "Time Consistency and the Duration of Government Debt: A Signalling Theory of Quantitative Easing," 2014 Meeting Papers 1292, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    3. Kang, Dae Woong & Ligthart, Nick & Mody, Ashoka, 2015. "The European Central Bank: Building a shelter in a storm," CFS Working Paper Series 527, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
    4. Florian Heider & Farzad Saidi & Glenn Schepens, 2019. "Life below Zero: Bank Lending under Negative Policy Rates," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 32(10), pages 3728-3761.
    5. Schepens, Glenn, 2018. "Bank lending under negative policy rates," Research Bulletin, European Central Bank, vol. 43.
    6. Antonio Diez de los Rios & Maral Shamloo, 2017. "Quantitative Easing and Long-Term Yields in Small Open Economies," Staff Working Papers 17-26, Bank of Canada.
    7. repec:ecb:ecbrbu:2018:0043:1 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Kenneth D. Garbade & James J. McAndrews, 2012. "If Interest Rates Go Negative . . . Or, Be Careful What You Wish For," Liberty Street Economics 20120829, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    9. Motto, Roberto & Altavilla, Carlo & Carboni, Giacomo, 2015. "Asset purchase programmes and financial markets: lessons from the euro area," Working Paper Series 1864, European Central Bank.
    10. Kang Dae Woong & Nick Ligthart & Ashoka Mody, 2015. "The European Central Bank: Building a Shelter in a Storm," Working Papers 248, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Center for Economic Policy Studies..
    11. William R. Emmons & Jacob Haas & Christopher J. Neely, 2020. "Responses of International Central Banks to the COVID-19 Crisis," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, vol. 102(4), pages 338-384, October.
    12. Richard G. Anderson & Charles S. Gascon & Yang Liu, 2010. "Doubling your monetary base and surviving: some international experience," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, vol. 92(Nov), pages 481-506.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    monetary policy; central banks;

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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