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Los grupos económicos en México a partir de una tipología de arquitectura y gobierno corporativos. Una revisión de sus explicaciones teóricas

  • Chavarín Rodríguez, Rubén

    (Universidad de Guadalajara)

Registered author(s):

    This paper develops a typology of corporate architecture and corporate governance in order to analyze the Mexican Business Groups. The typology helps under-stand: 1) the evolution of Mexican business networks towards a centralized coordination of the firms, and 2) how changes in some features of corporate governance have tended to preserve a state of few counterweights to the decisions of majority shareholders. Moreover, this paper presents a survey that provides a set of possible explanations for the formation and operation of Business Groups. This review helps assess the analytical advantages of a socioeconomic approach that conceives these business networks as a consequence of sociocultural, institutional, and economic factors, which provides a theoretical basis for understanding the historical persistence of this business system in Mexico and other countries.// En este artículo se desarrolla una tipología de arquitectura y gobierno corporativos con el fin de analizar a los grupos económicos mexicanos. La tipología ayuda a comprender la evolución de las redes de negocios mexicanas hacia una coordinación centralizada de las empresas; también ayuda a entender cómo los cambios en el gobierno corporativo han tendido a preservar un estado de pocos contrapesos en las decisiones de los accionistas mayoritarios. Asimismo, el artículo presenta una revisión teórica que proporciona un conjunto de posibles explicaciones de la formación y funcionamiento de los grupos económicos. Esta revisión permite valorar las ventajas analíticas de un enfoque socioeconómico que interpreta a estas redes de negocios a partir de la interacción entre factores socioculturales, institucionales y económicos, lo que aporta una base teórica para comprender la persistencia histórica de este sistema de negocios en México y otros países.

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    Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

    Volume (Year): LXXVIII (1) (2011)
    Issue (Month): 309 (enero-marzo)
    Pages: 193-234

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    Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:78:y:2011:i:309:p:193-234
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