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Los activos de los pobres en el Perú

  • Escobal, Javier

    (Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo)

  • Saavedra, Jaime

    (Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo)

  • Torero, Máximo

    (Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo)

The document analyzes the possession and access to assets on the part of the poor in Perú. It is found that during the last ten years the average level of access to education increased while and inequality of access to this asset decreased. The access to other public services has also increased, though the inequality levels are still very high. The same happens with the access to credit and other assets that can serve as collateral. The econometric analysis shows a positive effect of the access to public assets on the profitability of key private assets like education and land, evidencing the role of the provisions of publics services and infrastructure as a mechanism for boosting the profitability of private assets. It is also found that changes in assets tenure are not sufficient to explain transitions toward and outside poverty, though they are crucial to explain the permanency in poverty or the permanency out of this state.// El documento analiza la posesión y acceso a activos por parte de los pobres en el Perú. Se encuentra que durante los pasados diez años ha aumentado el nivel promedio y se ha reducido la desigualdad en el acceso a la educación. El acceso a otros servicios públicos aumentó, aunque la desigualdad es todavía muy elevada. Lo mismo sucede con el acceso al crédito y otros activos colaterales. El análisis econométrico muestra un efecto positivo de la tenencia y acceso a activos públicos en el redimiento de la educación y de la tierra, evidenciando el papel de la provisión de servicios públicos e infraestructura como mecanismo para potenciar la rentabilidad de los activos privados. Se observa también que los cambios en la tenencia de activos no son suficientes para explicar las transiciones hacia y fuera de la pobreza, aunque son fundamentales para explicar la permanencia en la pobreza o la permanencia fuera de ésta.

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Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXVI (3) (1999)
Issue (Month): 263 (Julio-septiembre)
Pages: 619-659

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Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:66:y:1999:i:263:p:619-659
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.fondodeculturaeconomica.com/

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  1. Escobal, Javier & Saavedra, Jaime & Torero, Máximo, 1999. "Los activos de los pobres en el Perú," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(263), pages 619-659, Julio-sep.
  2. Adolfo Figueroa & Richard Webb, 1975. "La distribución del ingreso en el Perú," Libros de otras Editoriales, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, edition 1, number otr-1975-01, July.
  3. D. McFadden & J. Hausman, 1981. "Specification Tests for the Multinominal Logit Model," Working papers 292, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  4. Ravallion, M. & Datt, G., 1991. "Growth and Redistribution Components of Changes in Poverty Measures," Papers 83, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
  5. Bruno, Michael & Ravallion, Martin & Squire, Lyn, 1996. "Equity and growth in developing countries : old and new perspectives on the policy issues," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1563, The World Bank.
  6. Datt, Gaurav, 1998. "Computational tools for poverty measurement and analysis," FCND discussion papers 50, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  7. Javier Escobal & Marco Castillo del Castillo, 1994. "Sesgos en la medición de la inflación en contextos inflacionarios: El caso peruano," Documentos de Investigación dt21, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
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