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Activos y contexto económico: Factores relacionados con la pobreza en el Perú

Author

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  • Valenzuela, Irina

    (Banco Central de Reserva del Perú)

Abstract

El objetivo del presente trabajo es identificar los factores que se relacionan con la probabilidad de ser pobre en el Perú, para ello se sigue el enfoque basado en activos, incorporando además variables relacionadas al contexto económico, como el nivel de desarrollo económico provincial y la presencia de actividad minera distrital. Un contexto económico relativamente favorable, reflejado en la residencia en una provincia con mayores ingresos per cápita, disminuye la probabilidad que un hogar caiga en la pobreza, ya sea en el ámbito urbano o rural. En tanto que residir en distritos con presencia minera disminuye la probabilidad de caer en pobreza, más no es relevante para determinar la probabilidad de caer en pobreza extrema. Residir en distritos mineros tiene impactos sólo en el espacio urbano. Se identifica a las regiones de Ancash, Arequipa y Madre de Dios como regiones donde dicho impacto es significativo.

Suggested Citation

  • Valenzuela, Irina, 2013. "Activos y contexto económico: Factores relacionados con la pobreza en el Perú," Working Papers 2013-013, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2013-013
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Escobal, Javier, 2001. "The Determinants of Nonfarm Income Diversification in Rural Peru," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 497-508, March.
    2. Eduardo Zegarra & José Carlos Orihuela & Maritza Paredes, 2007. "¿Minería y economía de los hogares en la sierra peruana: impactos y espacios de conflicto," Documentos de Investigación dt51, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
    3. Siegel, Paul B., 2005. "Using an asset-based approach to identify drivers of sustainable rural growth and poverty reduction in Central America : a conceptual framework," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3475, The World Bank.
    4. Escobal, Javier & Saavedra, Jaime & Torero, Máximo, 1999. "Los activos de los pobres en el Perú," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(263), pages 619-659, Julio-sep.
    5. Orazio P. Attanasio & Miguel Székely, 1999. "An Asset-Based Approach to the Analysis of Poverty in Latin America," Research Department Publications 3075, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    6. David de Ferranti & Guillermo E. Perry & William Foster & Daniel Lederman & Alberto Valdés, 2005. "Beyond the City: The Rural Contribution to Development," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7328, April.
    7. Escobal, Javier & Torero, Maximo, 2003. "Adverse Geography and Differences in Welfare in Peru," WIDER Working Paper Series 073, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    pobreza; pobreza extrema; determinantes; enfoque basado en activos; Perú;

    JEL classification:

    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure

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