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Los activos de los pobres en el Perú

Author

Listed:
  • Javier Escobal
  • Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví
  • Máximo Torero

Abstract

El enfoque de esta documento es analizar la problemática de la posesión y acceso a activos por parte de los pobres. Los activos privados, públicos y de organización son los principales determinantes del flujos de gastos e ingresos de las familias, y son por lo tanto cruciales para determinar si una familia logra salir de la pobreza. En ese sentido, las políticas públicas deben estar cuidadosamente a dirigidas a resolver las inequidades en el acceso a determinados activos que son susceptibles de intervención estatal y que facilitan el acceso, la acumulación, así como el incremento de la rentabilidad de los activos de los hogares. Con este fin, este documento evalúa en primer lugar la naturaleza, características y evolución reciente de la pobreza en el Perú, así como las tendencias en la distribución de los ingresos/gastos y los activos. . Luego se efectúa una taxonomía de los activos de la población, mostrando la dispersión existente así como las diferencias en la posesión y acceso de activos por parte de los más pobres. Con estas herramientas se establecen relaciones entre los distintos tipos de activos y el status de pobreza, asi como la movilidad de los hogares en la escala de ingresos/gastos. Además, se determina el efecto de la tenencia o acceso de ciertos activos públicos u organizacionales sobre la rentabilidad de ciertos activos privados.

Suggested Citation

  • Javier Escobal & Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví & Máximo Torero, 1999. "Los activos de los pobres en el Perú," Research Department Publications 3059, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:3059
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. D. McFadden & J. Hausman, 1981. "Specification Tests for the Multinominal Logit Model," Working papers 292, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
    2. Escobal, Javier & Saavedra, Jaime & Torero, Máximo, 1999. "Los activos de los pobres en el Perú," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(263), pages 619-659, Julio-sep.
    3. Hausman, Jerry & McFadden, Daniel, 1984. "Specification Tests for the Multinomial Logit Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(5), pages 1219-1240, September.
    4. repec:pcp:pucotr:otr-1975-01 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Bruno, Michael & Ravallion, Martin & Squire, Lyn, 1996. "Equity and growth in developing countries : old and new perspectives on the policy issues," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1563, The World Bank.
    6. Datt, Gaurav, 1998. "Computational tools for poverty measurement and analysis," FCND discussion papers 50, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    7. Javier Escobal & Marco Castillo del Castillo, 1994. "Sesgos en la medición de la inflación en contextos inflacionarios: El caso peruano," Documentos de Investigación dt21, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
    8. Ravallion, M. & Datt, G., 1991. "Growth and Redistribution Components of Changes in Poverty Measures," Papers 83, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Eduardo Fernández-Arias & Peter J. Montiel, 2009. "Crisis Response in Latin America: Is the "Rainy Day" at Hand?," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1652, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví, 1998. "Real Crisis or Crisis of Expectations? Employment in Peru Before and After the Structural Reforms," Research Department Publications 4148, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    3. Máximo Torero & Javier Escobal, 2000. "Does Geography Explain Differences in Economic Growth in Peru?," Research Department Publications 3103, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    4. Viviane Azevedo & Cesar Bouillon, 2009. "Social Mobility in Latin America: A Review of Existing Evidence," Research Department Publications 4634, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    5. repec:dau:papers:123456789/4994 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Gordillo, Gustavo & Winters, Paul C. & Corral, Leonardo, 2000. "Food Insecurity and Vulnerability in Latin America and the Caribbean," Working Papers 12900, University of New England, School of Economics.
    7. Escobal, Javier, 2001. "The Determinants of Nonfarm Income Diversification in Rural Peru," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 497-508, March.
    8. Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví, 1998. "¿Crisis real o crisis de expectativas? El empleo en el Perú antes y después de las reformas estructurales," Research Department Publications 4149, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    9. Nikita Céspedes & Alan Sánchez, 2013. "Minimum wage and job mobility," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2013-359, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
    10. Javier Escobal & Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví & Máximo Torero, 1999. "Los activos de los pobres en el Perú," Research Department Publications 3059, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    11. Winters, Paul C. & Corral, Leonardo & Gordillo, Gustavo, 2001. "Rural Livelihood Strategies and Social Capital in Latin America: Implications for Rural Development Projects," Working Papers 12947, University of New England, School of Economics.
    12. Escobal, Javier & Saavedra, Jaime & Torero, Máximo, 1999. "Los activos de los pobres en el Perú," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(263), pages 619-659, Julio-sep.
    13. Jackeline Velazco & Vicente Pinilla, 2012. "Peasant households' acces to land and income diversification. The Peruvian-andean case 1998-2000," Documentos de Trabajo de la Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria 1205, Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria.
    14. World Bank, 2005. "Peru : Opportunities for All, Peru Poverty Assessment," World Bank Other Operational Studies 8809, The World Bank.
    15. Patricia Justino & Julie Litchfield & Laurence Whitehead, 2003. "The Impact of Inequality in Latin America," PRUS Working Papers 21, Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, University of Sussex.
    16. Escobal, Javier & Torero, Maximo, 2003. "Adverse Geography and Differences in Welfare in Peru," WIDER Working Paper Series 073, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    17. Javier Escobal & Máximo Torero, 2005. "Measuring the Impact of Asset Complementarities: The Case of Rural Peru," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 42(125), pages 137-164.
    18. Morley, Samuel A., 2001. "The income distribution problem in Latin America and the Caribbean," Libros de la CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 65 edited by Eclac.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D33 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Factor Income Distribution
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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