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¿Minería y economía de los hogares en la sierra peruana: impactos y espacios de conflicto

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Abstract

Este estudio es una exploración cuantitativa del impacto de la actividad minero-metálica en los hogares de la sierra peruana, en el que hemos empleado métodos estándares de evaluación de impactos. Sobre la base de datos de la ENAHO 2003/04, realizamos un análisis separado por hogares rurales y urbanos. Encontramos una asociación positiva entre la minería y los ingresos y gastos de las familias urbanas, pero no de las familias rurales. En este último caso, sin embargo, sí encontramos evidencia de una menor tasa de pobreza relacionada con la presencia minera. Además, hallamos correlaciones negativas entre minería y acceso a servicios de agua y desagüe y una mayor incidencia potencial de enfermedades crónicas y agudas, especialmente en los hogares urbanos. Este conjunto de hallazgos caracterizan lo que llamamos un “espacio objetivo” de potenciales conflictos entre la minería y su entorno, el cual en nuestra opinión no ha sido enfrentado adecuadamente por las actuales políticas, normas e institucionalidad públicas de promoción de la inversión minera en el Perú. Al respecto planteamos algunas recomendaciones. Impacto educativo de un programa de desayunos escolares en escuelas rurales del Perú

Suggested Citation

  • Eduardo Zegarra & José Carlos Orihuela & Maritza Paredes, 2007. "¿Minería y economía de los hogares en la sierra peruana: impactos y espacios de conflicto," Documentos de Investigación dt51, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
  • Handle: RePEc:gad:doctra:dt51 Note: Documento de Trabajo,51
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    1. Ronald Fischer & Alexander Galetovic, 2003. "Regulatory governance and chile's 1998-1999 electricity shortage," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, pages 105-125.
    2. Santiago Cueto & Juan León & Cecilia Ramírez & Oscar Pain, 2003. "Oportunidades de aprendizaje y rendimiento en matemática en una muestra de estudiantes de sexto grado de primaria de Lima," Documentos de Investigación dt43, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
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    Cited by:

    1. Ticci, Elisa & Escobal, Javier, 2015. "Extractive industries and local development in the Peruvian Highlands," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(01), pages 101-126, February.
    2. Elisa Ticci, 2011. "Extractive Industries and Local Development in the Peruvian Highlands: Socio-Economic Impacts of the Mid-1990s Mining Boom," RSCAS Working Papers 2011/14, European University Institute.
    3. Valenzuela, Irina, 2013. "Activos y contexto económico: Factores relacionados con la pobreza en el Perú," Working Papers 2013-013, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Minería; Ingresos de hogares; Conflictos sociales; Sierra; Mining; Household income; Social conflicts; Highland; Peru;

    JEL classification:

    • L71 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction - - - Mining, Extraction, and Refining: Hydrocarbon Fuels
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics
    • R2 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis

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