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Pro-shareholder income distribution, debt accumulation, and cyclical fluctuations in a post-Keynesian model with labor supply constraints

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  • Hiroaki Sasaki

    (Kyoto University, Japan)

  • Shinya Fujita

    (Nagoya University, Japan)

Abstract

In modern capitalist economies, income distribution has a tendency to be in favor of shareholders. This paper interprets pro-shareholder distribution as a decrease in the retention ratio of firms and an increase in the profit share. We introduce labor supply constraints into a post-Keynesian growth model with debt accumulation and investigate the effects of changes in the natural rate of growth, retention ratio, profit share, and interest rate on the rate of capacity utilization and the financial structure of firms. We further analyse the stability of the steady-state equilibrium and the transitional dynamics toward the equilibrium and show that, depending on conditions, there could be cyclical fluctuations such that the financial structure changes periodically between speculative finance and Ponzi finance.

Suggested Citation

  • Hiroaki Sasaki & Shinya Fujita, 2014. "Pro-shareholder income distribution, debt accumulation, and cyclical fluctuations in a post-Keynesian model with labor supply constraints," European Journal of Economics and Economic Policies: Intervention, Edward Elgar Publishing, vol. 11(1), pages 10-30, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:elg:ejeepi:v:11:y:2014:i:1:p10-30
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kenshiro Ninomiya, 2015. "Financial Structure, Cycle, and Instability," Discussion Papers CRR Discussion Paper Series B: Financial 15, Shiga University, Faculty of Economics,Center for Risk Research, revised Jan 2017.
    2. Hiroshi Nishi, 2016. "An empirical contribution to Minsky’s financial fragility:Evidence from non-financial sectors in Japan," Discussion papers e-16-007, Graduate School of Economics , Kyoto University.
    3. Hiroaki Sasaki, 2016. "Increased Shareholder Power, Income Distribution, and Employment in a Neo-Kaleckian Model with Conflict Inflation," Discussion papers e-16-008, Graduate School of Economics , Kyoto University.
    4. Hiroaki Sasaki, 2017. "Financialization and Distribution in a Kaleckian Model with Firms’ Debt Accumulation," Discussion papers e-16-013, Graduate School of Economics , Kyoto University.
    5. Kenshiro Ninomiya, 2017. "Financial Structure and Instability in an Open Economy," Discussion Papers CRR Discussion Paper Series B: Financial 16, Shiga University, Faculty of Economics,Center for Risk Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial structure; labor supply constraints; post-Keynesian model; cyclical fluctuations;

    JEL classification:

    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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