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Interest, debt and capital accumulation - a Kaleckian approach

  • Eckhard Hein

    (Macroeconomic Policy Institute IMK in the Hans Boeckler Foundation)

In the present paper we explicitly introduce interest payments and debt into a Kaleckian distribution and growth model with an investment function very close to Kalecki’s original writings. The effects of interest rate variations on the short-run equilibrium values of capacity utilisation, capital accumulation and the rate of profit are derived, and the long run effects on the equilibrium debt-capital-ratio are also analysed. It is shown, that the effects of interest variations on the endogenously determined equilibrium values of the model do not only depend on the parameter values in the saving and investment functions but also on the interest elasticity of distribution and in some cases on initial conditions with respect to the interest rate and the debt- capital-ratio. If the conditions for short-run ‘normal’ effects of interest rate variations are given, the economy will be characterised by a long-run unstable debt-capital-ratio and by the macroeconomic ‘paradox of debt’. These results are similar to other models and hint to the robustness of Kaleckian ‘monetary’ models of distribution and growth with respect to the specification of the investment function.

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File URL: http://128.118.178.162/eps/mac/papers/0510/0510007.pdf
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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Macroeconomics with number 0510007.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 05 Oct 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:0510007
Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 31
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://128.118.178.162

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  3. Hein, Eckhard, 1999. "Interest Rates, Income Shares, and Investment in a Kaleckian Model," MPRA Paper 18607, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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  10. Dutt, Amitava Krishna, 1987. "Alternative Closures Again: A Comment on 'Growth, Distribution and Inflation.'," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(1), pages 75-82, March.
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  17. Panico, Carlo, 1997. "Government Deficits in Post-Keynesian Theories of Growth and Distribution," Contributions to Political Economy, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(0), pages 61-86.
  18. Thomas I. Palley, 1996. "Accommodationism versus Structuralism: Time for an Accommodation," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 18(4), pages 585-594, July.
  19. Lavoie, Marc, 1999. "The Credit-Led Supply of Deposits and the Demand for Money: Kaldor's Reflux Mechanism as Previously Endorsed by Joan Robinson," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(1), pages 103-13, January.
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