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The Importance of the Retention Ratio in a Kaleckian Model with Debt Accumulation

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  • Hiroaki Sasaki
  • Shinya Fujita

Abstract

Hein (2007) investigates the effects of debt of firms and interest rates on output and growth, and obtains the following three results. First, the long-run equilibrium is stable only if the short-run equilibrium is debt-led growth. Second, to obtain a positive long-run equilibrium value of the debt-capital ratio under the debt-led growth regime, extremely high interest rates are necessary. Third, the long-run equilibrium value of the rate of capital accumulation is increasing in interest rates and is independent of income distribution. However, these conclusions depend crucially on the assumption that the retention ratio of firms is equal to unity, and hence, that there is no dividend to shareholders. By relaxing the above assumption, we show in this paper that even the long-run equilibrium under the debt-burdened growth regime can be stable and that the long-run equilibrium value of the debt-capital ratio will be positive with plausible interest rates irrespective of whether the long-run equilibrium is debt-led growth or debt-burdened growth. Moreover, the effects of interest rates and income distribution on capital accumulation differ from regime to regime.

Suggested Citation

  • Hiroaki Sasaki & Shinya Fujita, 2010. "The Importance of the Retention Ratio in a Kaleckian Model with Debt Accumulation," Discussion papers e-10-008, Graduate School of Economics Project Center, Kyoto University.
  • Handle: RePEc:kue:dpaper:e-10-008
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Eckhard Hein, 2007. "Interest Rate, Debt, Distribution And Capital Accumulation In A Post-Kaleckian Model," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 310-339, May.
    2. Sebastien Charles, 2008. "A Post-Keynesian Model of Accumulation with a Minskyan Financial Structure," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(3), pages 319-331.
    3. Eckhard Hein & Till Van Treeck, 2010. "Financialisation and Rising Shareholder Power in Kaleckian/Post-Kaleckian Models of Distribution and Growth," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(2), pages 205-233.
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    7. Eckhard Hein & Christian Schoder, 2011. "Interest rates, distribution and capital accumulation -- A post-Kaleckian perspective on the US and Germany," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(6), pages 693-723, November.
    8. Marc Lavoie, 1995. "Interest Rates In Post-Keynesian Models Of Growth And Distribution," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(2), pages 146-177, June.
    9. Sébastien Charles, 2010. "Explaining persistent cycles in a short-run context: firms' propensity to invest and omnipotent shareholders," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(3), pages 409-426, April.
    10. Eckhard Hein, 2010. "Shareholder Value Orientation, Distribution And Growth-Short- And Medium-Run Effects In A Kaleckian Model," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(2), pages 302-332, May.
    11. Sébastien Charles, 2008. "Teaching Minsky's financial instability hypothesis: a manageable suggestion," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(1), pages 125-138, September.
    12. Asada, Toichiro, 2006. "Stabilization policy in a Keynes-Goodwin model with debt accumulation," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 466-485, December.
    13. Mark Setterfield, 2009. "Macroeconomics without the LM curve: an alternative view," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 33(2), pages 273-293, March.
    14. Sébastien Charles, 2008. "Corporate debt, variable retention rate and the appearance of financial fragility," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 32(5), pages 781-795, September.
    15. Louis-Philippe Rochon, 1999. "Credit, Money and Production," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 1565, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Eckhard Hein, 2017. "Stagnation policy in the Eurozone and economic policy alternatives: A Steindlian/neo-Kaleckian perspective," Working Papers 10/17, Sapienza University of Rome, DISS.
    2. Min-Chang Ko & Sangheon Lee, 2015. "Corporate Debt Dynamics, Capital Accumulation, and Macroeconomic Instability: A Post-Keynesian Analysis," Korean Economic Review, Korean Economic Association, vol. 31, pages 177-197.
    3. Hiroaki Sasaki & Shinya Fujita, 2014. "Pro-shareholder income distribution, debt accumulation, and cyclical fluctuations in a post-Keynesian model with labor supply constraints," European Journal of Economics and Economic Policies: Intervention, Edward Elgar Publishing, vol. 11(1), pages 10-30, April.
    4. repec:elg:ejeepi:v:14:y:2017:i:2:p131-172 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Nikolaidi, Maria, 2014. "Margins of safety and instability in a macrodynamic model with Minskyan insights," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 1-16.
    6. Kemp-Benedict, Eric, 2015. "A Minskian extension to Kaleckian dynamics," MPRA Paper 65186, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Lojak, Benjamin, 2016. "Sentiment-driven investment, non-linear corporate debt dynamics and co-existing business cycle regimes," BERG Working Paper Series 112, Bamberg University, Bamberg Economic Research Group.
    8. Hiroaki Sasaki, 2017. "Financialization and Distribution in a Kaleckian Model with Firms’ Debt Accumulation," Discussion papers e-16-013, Graduate School of Economics , Kyoto University.
    9. Roberto Veneziani & Luca Zamparelli & Maria Nikolaidi & Engelbert Stockhammer, 2017. "Minsky Models: A Structured Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(5), pages 1304-1331, December.
    10. Eckhard Hein, 2017. "Stagnation policy in the Eurozone and economic policy alternatives," FMM Working Paper 05-2017, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    11. Hiroshi Nishi, 2014. "Varieties of economic growth regimes, types of macroeconomic policies and policy regimes: a post-Keynesian analysis," Chapters,in: Economic Crises and Policy Regimes, chapter 5, pages 101-123 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    12. Eckhard Hein, 2016. "Secular stagnation or stagnation policy? Steindl after Summers," PSL Quarterly Review, Economia civile, vol. 69(276), pages 3-47.
    13. Christian Schoder, 2015. "Methodological, internal and ontological inconsistencies in the conventional micro-foundation of post-Keynesian theory," Working Papers 1518, New School for Social Research, Department of Economics.
    14. Hiroaki Sasaki, 2016. "Increased Shareholder Power, Income Distribution, and Employment in a Neo-Kaleckian Model with Conflict Inflation," Discussion papers e-16-008, Graduate School of Economics , Kyoto University.
    15. Yun K. Kim & Alan G. Isaac, 2017. "Firms’ Retention Behavior, Debt, and Macroeconomic Dynamics," Working Papers 2017_04, University of Massachusetts Boston, Economics Department.
    16. Franke, Rainer & Yanovski, Boyan, 2015. "On the long-run equilibrium value of Tobin's average Q," FinMaP-Working Papers 49, Collaborative EU Project FinMaP - Financial Distortions and Macroeconomic Performance: Expectations, Constraints and Interaction of Agents.
    17. Eckhard Hein, 2017. "Post-Keynesian macroeconomics since the mid 1990s: main developments," European Journal of Economics and Economic Policies: Intervention, Edward Elgar Publishing, vol. 14(2), pages 131-172, September.
    18. Reiner Franke, 2016. "A Supplementary Note on Professor Hein's (2013) Version of A Kaleckian Debt Accumulation," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 67(3), pages 529-550, July.
    19. Hiroaki Sasaki & Shinya Fujita, 2012. "Income Distribution, Debt Accumulation, and Financial Fragility in a Kaleckian Model with Labor Supply Constraints," Discussion papers e-12-007, Graduate School of Economics Project Center, Kyoto University.
    20. Kenshiro Ninomiya, 2017. "Financial Structure and Instability in an Open Economy," Discussion Papers CRR Discussion Paper Series B: Financial 16, Shiga University, Faculty of Economics,Center for Risk Research.

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