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The Impact of Governance and Institutional Quality on MFI Outreach and Financial Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa

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  • Barry, Thierno Amadou
  • Tacneng, Ruth

Abstract

This paper examines whether shareholder-owned MFIs financially and socially perform better than NGOs in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We also investigate the role of institutional quality in altering MFIs’ incentives and behavior in determining outreach. Our results indicate that NGOs are more profitable and have better outreach than banks and cooperatives. While a weak rule of law favors relationship-based exchanges and thus, results in NGO superiority, stronger institutional quality may encourage banks to cater to more borrowers, hence, shareholder-owned MFIs do not socially perform differently from NGOs. Overall, this study shows that NGOs are the best conduits of microfinance in SSA.

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  • Barry, Thierno Amadou & Tacneng, Ruth, 2014. "The Impact of Governance and Institutional Quality on MFI Outreach and Financial Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 1-20.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:58:y:2014:i:c:p:1-20
    DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.12.006
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    1. repec:eee:mulfin:v:40:y:2017:i:c:p:63-76 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Cull, Robert & Navajas, Sergio & Nishida, Ippei & Zeiler, Renate, 2015. "A New Index of the Business Environment for Microfinance," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 357-388.
    3. repec:spr:qualqt:v:52:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s11135-017-0528-1 is not listed on IDEAS
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    6. repec:eee:intfin:v:53:y:2018:i:c:p:307-319 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Ganna Sheremenko & Cesar L Escalante & Wojciech J Florkowski, 2017. "Financial Sustainability and Poverty Outreach: The Case of Microfinance Institutions in Eastern Europe and Central Asia," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 29(1), pages 230-245, January.
    8. Wijesiri, Mahinda & Yaron, Jacob & Meoli, Michele, 2015. "Performance of microfinance institutions in achieving the poverty outreach and financial sustainability: When age and size matter?," MPRA Paper 69821, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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